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Table 2 Isocaloric low carbohydrate (CHO) vs. higher carbohydrate investigations

From: Thermodynamics of weight loss diets

Reference %CHO %CHO Wt. loss(kg) ± SEM   p
  Low High Low CHO arm (no. subjects) High CHO arm  
Rabast et al (1978) [31] 10 68 14.0 ± 1.4 (25) 9.8 ± 1.0 (20) 0.10
Rabast et al (1981) [32] 12 70 12.5 ± 0.9 (7) 9.5 ± 0.7 (7) <0.01
Golay, Allaz et al (1996) [33] 15 45 8.9 ± 0.6 (22) 7.5 ± 0.5 (21) 0.1
Golay, Eigenheer et al (1996) [34] 25 45 10.2 ± 0.7 (31) 8.6 ± 0.8 (37) 0.13
Piatti et al (1994) [35] 35 60 4.5 ± 0.4 (10) 6.4 ± 0.9 (15) 0.3
Layman et al (2003) [36] 44 59 7.5 ± 1.4 (12) 7.0 ± 1.4 (12) 0.8
Baba et al (1999) [38] 25 68 8.3 ± 0.7 (7) 6.0 ± 0.6 (6) <0.05
Lean et al (1997) [37] 35 58 6.8 ± 0.8 (40) 5.6 ± 0.8 (42) 0.1
Young et al (1971) [39] 7 23 16.2 ± 0.9 (3) 11.9 ± 0.8 (3) <0.05
Greene et al (2003) [40] 5 55 10.4 ± 2.1 (21) 7.7 ± 1.1 (21) 0.25