Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Composition of muscle lipids

From: β3-adrenoceptor agonist prevents alterations of muscle diacylglycerol and adipose tissue phospholipids induced by a cafeteria diet

% mole fatty acids REF CAF CAF-ZD
Phospholipids    
Palmitic acid (16:0) 27.87 ± 0.50 26.17 ± 0.29 26.44 ± 0.57
Stearic acid (18:0) 20.21 ± 0.64 22.37 ± 0.54 * 21.64 ± 0.58
Oleic acid (18:1n-9) 6.84 ± 0.21 9.13 ± 0.48 ** 9.12 ± 0.24 **
Linoleic acid (18:2n-6) 13.09 ± 0.65 8.98 ± 0.51** 9.02 ± 0.28 **
Arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) 11.64 ± 0.46 15.07 ± 0.53** 14.11 ± 0.22 **
Docosatetraenoic acid (22:4n-6) ND 0.61 ± 0.04 0.51 ± 0.02
Adrenic acid (22:5n-3) 2.04 ± 0.07 2.44 ± 0.18 2.10 ± 0.09
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) 18.30 ± 0.95 15.23 ± 0.52 * 16.09 ± 0.35
Triacylglycerol    
Myristic acid (14:0) ND 1.66 ± 0.08 1.53 ± 0.06
Palmitic acid (16:0) 37.13 ± 2.06 25.26 ± 0.95 ** 25.15 ± 0.81 **
Stearic acid (18:0) 7.94 ± 0.31 9.36 ± 0.45 * 9.38 ± 0.65
Palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7) ND 1.51 ± 0.14 1.31 ± 0.13
Oleic acid (18:1n-9) 29.00 ± 0.94 51.36 ± 1.83 ** 50.14 ± 0.93 **
Linoleic acid (18:2n-6) 25.00 ± 1.98 10.86 ± 0.83 ** 12.47 ± 0.66 **
Diacylglycerol    
Myristic acid (14:0) 1.92 ± 0.09 1.75 ± 0.07 1.85 ± 0.05
Palmitic acid (16:0) 25.55 ± 0.86 22.42 ± 1.22 24.88 ± 0.62
Stearic acid (18:0) 6.71 ± 0.45 8.74 ± 0.63 * 9.71 ± 0.08 **
Palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7) 2.58 ± 0.20 1.59 ± 0.14 ** 1.26 ± 0.07 **
Oleic acid (18:1n-9) 28.90 ± 1.24 52.88 ± 1.25 ** 46.45 ± 1.61 ** ++
Nervonic acid (24:1n-9) 3.92 ± 1.93 1.24 ± 0.42 2.71 ± 0.88
Linoleic acid (18:2n-6) 26.96 ± 2.22 10.14 ± 2.04 ** 8.05 ± 0.69 **
α-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) 1.12 ± 0.18 ND ND
Stearidonic acid (18:4n-3) ND ND 1.90 ± 0.41
Arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) 0.78 ± 0.06 0.46 ± 0.06 ** 0.26 ± 0.04 ** +
  1. Data are the mean ± SEM. Values significantly different from those obtained in the group of rats fed a chow diet (REF) are indicated by * (p < 0.05) and ** (p < 0.01). Data measured in the group of rats treated with ZD7114 (CAF-ZD) and significantly different from those in the group of rats fed a cafeteria diet (CAF) are shown by + (p < 0.05) and ++ (p < 0.05). Fatty acids representing more than 1% in at least one group are presented.