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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of study's participants by alcohol intake, and by gender

From: The J-shape association of ethanol intake with total homocysteine concentrations: the ATTICA study

  Daily ethanol intake
Males None < 12 gr/d 12 – 24 gr/d 25 – 48 gr/d > 48 gr/d
Current smoking 39% 54% 43% 49% 54%
Physical inactivity 62% 56% 67% 69% 64%
Years of school (SD) 14(4) 13(4) 11(6) 11(4)** 9(4)**
Hypertension 28% 37%** 39%** 45%** 44%**
Hypercholesterolemia 33% 34% 44% 39% 34%
Diabetes 11% 11% 9% 9% 7%
Obesity 22% 24% 23% 19% 24%
Females      
Current smoking 38% 25% 32% 37% 30%
Physical inactivity 64% 75% 62% 57% 80%
Years of school (SD) 13(4) 12(4) 11(3)* 10(4)** 8(3)**
Hypertension 17% 28%** 22% 22% 26%**
Hypercholesterolemia 28% 35% 32% 37% 40%
Diabetes 8% 10% 12% 6% 6%
Obesity 18% 15% 12% 17% 20%
  1. ** Bonferroni α < 0.01 and * α < 0.05 for the comparisons between ethanol intake and no intake groups.