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Table 3 Weight gain, food intake, food efficiency ratio (FER) and lipid profile of the experimental groups

From: Phenolic compounds from Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) attenuate oxidative stress and reduce blood cholesterol concentrations in diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rats

  C HC AQ 70 AQ 140 NEPF 7 NEPF 14
Weight Gain (g) 167.64 ± 13.41 179.21 ± 24.13ª 175.95 ± 16.22ª 174.06 ± 25.68ª 175.53 ± 17.75ª 179.67 ± 24.71ª
Food intake (g/day) 20.24 ± 2.82 21.85 ± 3.77ª 21.52 ± 3.38ª 21.32 ± 3.20ª 21.79 ± 3.53ª 22.05 ± 4.63ª
FER 0.38 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.39
TC (mg/dL) 61.30 ± 6.46 178.54 ± 33.31ª* 107.47 ± 32.42b 128.85 ± 23.71ab 139.01 ± 38.25a 143.01 ± 37.92a
Non-HDL-c (mg/dL) 26.46 ± 1.76 152.00 ± 14.67ª* 84.47 ± 12.78b 103.70 ± 10.03ab 120.60 ± 17.46a 127.20 ± 18.59a
HDL-c (mg/dL) 38.15 ± 6.49 21.36 ± 3.47ª* 25.04 ± 2.57ª 25.28 ± 2.24ª 21.42 ± 3.71ª 21.04 ± 2.10ª
TG (mg/dL) 25.34 ± 7.75 30.25 ± 7.76ª 26.25 ± 5.28ª 23.92 ± 4.68ª 26.13 ± 4.57ª 30.27 ± 4.63ª
  1. C (normocholesterolemic group), HC (hypercholesterolemic group), AQ 70 (HC + aqueous extract 70 mg/kg), AQ 140 (HC + aqueous extract 140 mg/kg), NEPF 7 (HC + non-esterified phenolic fraction 7 mg/kg), NEPF 14 (HC + non-esterified phenolic fraction 14 mg/kg).
  2. The results are expressed as the means ± S.E.M (n = 5-8).
  3. Different letters represent significant differences between rows (Tukey-Kramer test, p < 0.05), * significant difference between normocholesterolemic (C) vs hypercholesterolemic (HC) groups by Student’s t test (p < 0.05).