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Table 4 Fatty acid composition (g/100 g fatty acids) of liver

From: Phenolic compounds from Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) attenuate oxidative stress and reduce blood cholesterol concentrations in diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rats

  C HC AQ 70 AQ 140 NEPF 7 NEPF 14
C16:0 20.36 ± 1.96 13.77 ± 0.54ab* 13.84 ± 0.36ab 14.76 ± 1.52b 13.11 ± 0.51a 12.58 ± 0.59a
C18:0 18.27 ± 2.22 7.20 ± 1.28* 6.66 ± 0.58 6.10 ± 1.00 6.22 ± 0.95 6.24 ± 0.84
Total SAFA 39.87 ± 3.13 21.49 ± 1.67 a* 20.90 ± 0.73 ab 21.39 ± 1.63 a 20.59 ± 1.43 ab 19.14 ± 0.88 b
C16:1 0.64 ± 0.37 3.57 ± 0.85ab* 3.17 ± 0.60a 2.74 ± 0.47a 3.76 ± 0.79ab 3.57 ± 0.61b
C18:1 11.75 ± 4.20 25.12 ± 1.78* 25.47 ± 1.12 26.18 ± 1.66 25.50 ± 1.93 26.37 ± 1.73
Total MUFA 12.48 ± 4.66 29.38 ± 2.48 * 29.14 ± 1.73 29.23 ± 1.77 29.76 ± 2.69 30.37 ± 1.96
C18:2 20.29 ± 3.79 31.42 ± 0.85* 32.33 ± 0.77 32.08 ± 2.05 31.57 ± 1.47 32.30 ± 1.26
Total PUFA 45.85 ± 6.55 47.54 ± 1.08 49.20 ± 1.19 48.59 ± 2.34 47.77 ± 1.89 48.05 ± 1.96
C18:1/C18:0 0.64 3.49 3.82 4.29 4.10 4.23
Total lipids (mg) 11.71 ± 2.51 25.06 ± 5.46 * 26.09 ± 4.62 28.13 ± 3.56 25.77 ± 4.93 26.49 ± 1.65
  1. C (normocholesterolemic group), HC (hypercholesterolemic group), AQ 70 (HC + aqueous extract 70 mg/kg), AQ 140 (HC + aqueous extract 140 mg/kg), NEPF 7 (HC + non-esterified phenolic fraction 7 mg/kg), NEPF 14 (HC + non-esterified phenolic fraction 14 mg/kg).
  2. SAFA: Saturated Fatty Acids; MUFA: Monounsaturated Fatty Acids; PUFA: Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids.
  3. The results are expressed as the means ± S.E.M (n = 5-8).
  4. Different letters represent significant differences between groups (Tukey-Kramer test, p < 0.05).
  5. * significant difference between normocholesterolemic (C) vs hypercholesterolemic (HC) groups by Student’s t test (p < 0.05).