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Table 2 Comparisons of the habitual intake, the scheduled diets, the final intake and the adherence

From: Short-term role of the dietary total antioxidant capacity in two hypocaloric regimes on obese with metabolic syndrome symptoms: the RESMENA randomized controlled trial

Variable Control group (n = 48) RESMENA group (n = 48)
Habitual intake (day 0) Scheduled diet Final intake (day 60) Habitual intake (day 0) pa Scheduled diet pb Final intake (day 60) pc
Energy (kcal/day) 2103 ± 451 1412 ± 177 1352 ± 284 2277 ± 566 0.099 1395 ± 188 0.649 1337 ± 289 0.808
CHO (g/day) 186.74 ± 58.90 (35.52%) 178.58 ± 20.15 (50.59%) 132.37 ± 35.33$$$ (39.16%) 201.66 ± 65.30 (35.43%) 0.243 128.65 ± 15.97 (36.89%) <0.001 114.55 ± 31.10$$ (34.26%) 0.013
Protein (g/day) 93.58 ± 21.63 (17.80%) 57.01 ± 5.78 (16.14%) 60.83 ± 17.16 (18.00%) 95.01 ± 20.06 (16.69%) 0.738 99.54 ± 13.43 (28.54%) <0.001 78.20 ± 17.46$$$ (23.39%) <0.001
PQ 0.30 ± 0.05 0.31 ± 0.01 0.30 ± 0.05$ 0.30 ± 0.05 0.594 0.34 ± 0.01 <0.001 0.28 ± 0.05$$$ 0.070
Protein/CHO 0.54 ± 0.18 0.32 ± 0.01 0.48 ± 0.18$$$ 0.50 ± 0.13 0.224 0.77 ± 0.01 <0.001 0.70 ± 0.15$$ <0.001
Total fats (g/day) 97.29 ± 27.00 (41.64%) 46.02 ± 8.69 (29.33%) 59.09 ± 15.51$$$ (39.33%) 110.26 ± 31.84 (43.58%) 0.034 46.98 ± 7.07 (30.31%) 0.554 56.58 ± 17.28$$$ (38.08%) 0.497
SFA (g/day) 28.89 ± 10.13 (12.36%) 14.02 ± 2.44 (8.94%) 14.48 ± 5.47 (9.64%) 34.85 ± 13.64 (13.76%) 0.017 12.70 ± 1.86 (8.19%) 0.004 16.08 ± 5.80$$$(10.82%) 0.181
MUFA (g/day) 47.35 ± 12.76 (20.26%) 20.59 ± 4.51 (13.12%) 32.25 ± 9.18$$$ (21.47%) 51.90 ± 15.42 (20.52%) 0.118 18.96 ± 3.11 (12.23%) 0.042 24.65 ± 7.80$$$ (16.59%) <0.001
PUFA (g/day) 12.58 ± 3.80 (5.38%) 7.54 ± 1.20 (4.81%) 7.65 ± 2.87 (5.09%) 13.92 ± 3.79 (5.50%) 0.088 10.77 ± 1.31 (6.95%) <0.001 10.91 ± 5.56 (7.34%) 0.001
n3-FA 0.46 ± 0.54 0.20 ± 0.05 0.20 ± 0.44 0.28 ± 0.43 0.079 0.83 ± 0.30 <0.001 0.37 ± 0.49$$$ 0.096
Cholesterol (mg/day) 363.43 ± 142.46 157.94 ± 18.44 206.68 ± 140.82$$$ 424.43 ± 162.31 0.053 275.75 ± 46.51 <0.001 241.21 ± 105.00 0.196
Fiber (g/day) 20.07 ± 8.77 27.57 ± 1.33 18.75 ± 8.50$$$ 21.66 ± 9.69 0.400 22.84 ± 3.48 <0.001 20.61 ± 9.01 0.316
Glycemic Index (U) 579.55 ± 179.16 487.29 ± 12.21 367.48 ± 131.06$$$ 685.13 ± 226.21 0.013 332.01 ± 38.04 <0.001 326.70 ± 121.11 0.131
Glycemic Load (U) 105.21 ± 43.52 63.77 ± 5.47 70.24 ± 35.70 117.32 ± 43.92 0.178 43.37 ± 5.04 <0.001 52.03 ± 26.40$ 0.008
TAC (mmol/day) 7.36 ± 3.66 10.85 ± 0.36 8.88 ± 2.72$$$ 8.22 ± 4.41 0.302 17.09 ± 0.62 <0.001 13.90 ± 5.05$$$ <0.001
HEI (points) 60.28 ± 11.92 86.21 ± 0.99 70.90 ± 12.75$$$ 56.05 ± 11.11 0.075 91.39 ± 1.80 <0.001 74.41 ± 10.07$$$ 0.836
Meal Frequency (meals/day) 4.65 ± 0.59 3-5 4.59 ± 0.67 5.30 ± 1.25 0.001 7 N.A 6.51 ± 1.06 <0.001
  1. CHO, Carbohydrates; PQ, Protein Quality; SFA, Saturated Fatty Acids; MUFA, Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acids; PUFA, Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids; n-3 FA, n-3 Fatty Acids; TAC, Total Antioxidant Capacity; HEI, Healthy Eating Index; NA, Not Applicable.
  2. p < 0.05 was set-up as statistically significant. pa Differences between Control and RESMENA groups intake before starting the intervention. pb Differences between Control and RESMENA scheduled diets. pc Differences between Control and RESMENA groups intake at the end of the intervention. $ Differences between the scheduled diets and the real intake at final day in both Control and Resmena groups. $p < 0.05; $$p < 0.01; $$$p < 0.001.