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Table 5 Analysis assessing diet and sex interactions concerning anthropometric and biochemical markers

From: Short-term role of the dietary total antioxidant capacity in two hypocaloric regimes on obese with metabolic syndrome symptoms: the RESMENA randomized controlled trial

Variable Groups ANOVA 2×2
  Control-men (n = 27) Control-women (n = 21) RESMENA-men (n = 24) RESMENA-women (n = 24) DIET SEX Diet* sex
ΔWeight (Kg) −7.60 ± 3.29 −5.61 ± 2.49 −7.73 ± 2.58 −6.45 ± 3.09 0.416 0.007 0.550
ΔBMI (kg/m2) −2.56 ± 1.12 −2.29 ± 1.03 −2.55 ± 0.90 −2.49 ± 1.10 0.677 0.452 0.620
ΔWaist circumference (cm) −6.57 ± 4.02 −7.01 ± 5.87 −8.15 ± 2.88 −6.80 ± 4.65 0.454 0.620 0.324
ΔBioimpedance Fat mass (kg) −6.08 ± 4.92 −4.28 ± 1.84 −5.90 ± 2.64 −4.89 ± 3.50 0.764 0.054 0.582
ΔDXA Fat mass (kg) −5.13 ± 2.80 −3.99 ± 1.49 −5.71 ± 1.95 −4.78 ± 2.75 0.156 0.034 0.835
ΔTotal Cholesterol (mg/dl) −15.31 ± 35.58 −19.05 ± 30.86 −22.25 ± 44.19 −10.42 ± 49.55 0.921 0.635 0.362
ΔHDL-c (mg/dl) −2.01 ± 7.10 −6.67 ± 6.98 −0.61 ± 7.29 −3.32 ± 6.03 0.098 0.011 0.495
ΔLDL-c (mg/dl) −6.12 ± 25.04 −7.48 ± 27.41 −10.82 ± 40.17 −0.51 ± 47.30 0.880 0.553 0.440
ΔTG (mg/dl) −35.88 ± 78.11 −24.50 ± 61.90 −54.08 ± 88.48 −32.96 ± 69.79 0.399 0.304 0.757
ΔGlucose (mg/dl) −18.53 ± 36.01 −5.91 ± 19.86 −7.33 ± 26.55 −19.84 ± 46.17 0.847 0.994 0.079
ΔInsulin (IU/mg) −7.68 ± 9.02 −3.37 ± 3.58 −6.26 ± 5.02 −4.16 ± 5.25 0.690 0.022 0.486
ΔHOMA −2.64 ± 2.65 −1.35 ± 1.68 −1.74 ± 1.63 −2.02 ± 2.83 0.818 0.293 0.099
ΔALT (U/L) −13.68 ± 19.36 −6.52 ± 12.77 −3.33 ± 10.70 3.64 ± 15.38 0.001 0.026 0.975
ΔAST (U/L) −6.49 ± 11.74 −3.37 ± 6.16 −0.28 ± 6.13 0.88 ± 6.51 0.003 0.210 0.562
  1. BMI, Body Mass Index; DXA, Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry; HDL-c, High Density Lipoprotein-cholesterol; LDL-c, Low Density Lipoprotein-cholesterol; TG, Triglycerides; HOMA, Homeostasis Model Assessment; ALT, Alanine aminotransferase; AST, Aspartate aminotranferase. p < 0.05 was set-up as statistically significant.