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Table 1 Formulation of the experimental diets

From: n-3 PUFA added to high-fat diets affect differently adiposity and inflammation when carried by phospholipids or triacylglycerols in mice

High-fat containing n-3 PUFA as LF HF HF-ω3PL HF-ω3TG
Ingredient (g/100 g)     
 Lipid mixture 5 20 20 20
 Among which:     
  Lard 2 18.10 18.10 18.06
  Sunflower oil 0.64 1.1 0.6 0.2
  Oleic sunflower 1.27 0.0 0.4 -
  Kiwi seed oil 0.29 0.0 0.1 0.02
  Tuna oil - - - 0.9
  Phospholipids     
  PL-DHA - - 0.8 -
  Lecithin PL-LA 0.8 0.8 - 0.8
 Corn starch 54 39 39 39
 Casein 20 20 20 20
 Sucrose 10 10 10 10
 Pure cellulose 5 5 5 5
 Vitamin mixture 5 5 5 5
 Mineral mixture 1 1 1 1
 Tocopherolsa 0.000 0.084 0.099 0.092
Energy content (kJ/g) 14.88 18.14 18.14 18.14
Energy%     
 Protein 19.1 15.7 15.7 15.7
 Carbohydrates 57.6 34.1 34.1 34.1
 Lipids 12.8 41.5 41.5 41.5
  1. aConsidering the difference observed in tocopherols in lipid mixtures, which can affect their metabolic impact [31], care was taken to supplement lipid mixtures with α-tocopherol during formulation to achieve iso-tocopherol diets.