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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the subjects

From: Kochujang, fermented soybean-based red pepper paste, decreases visceral fat and improves blood lipid profiles in overweight adults

Variables Kochujang group (n=30) Placebo group (n=30) P-valuea
Age (y) 42.1±1.31 43.0±2.2 0.786
Sex (M/F) b 4/26 3/27 0.688b
Weight (kg) 68.0±1.5 570.2±2.3 0.431
BMI (kg/m2) 26.7±0.4 27.4±0.8 0.383
WHR 0.91±0.005 0.90±0.006 0.242
Visceral fat (cm2) 79.0±5.1 78.3±4.4 0.926
Subcutaneous fat (cm2) 250.5±23.6 249.6±16.0 0.977
SBP (mmHg) 118.1±2.43 119.4±2.2 0.681
DBP(mmHg) 74.4±1.7 75.7±1.5 0.563
Pulse rate(bpm) 68.7±1.9 71.49±1.8 0.216
FPG(mg/dl) 83.3±1.6 81.6±1.5 0.449
HbA1c(%) 5.4±0.1 5.4±0.1 0.894
TC (mg/dL) 192.4±4.7 195.3±6.0 0.649
TG (mg/dL) 118.4±10.2 122.0±12.1 0.703
HDL (mg/dL) 52.0±1.7 52.5±2.1 0.822
LDL (mg/dL) 123.6±4.4 125.12±5.8 0.835
FFA (μEq/L) 612.4±40.5 549.5±33.9 0.239
ApoA1 (g/dL) 1.44±0.03 1.45±0.04 0.770
ApoB (g/dL) 0.86±0.03 0.87±0.04 0.944
  1. 1 Values are expressed as means ± SE.
  2. a By independent t test.
  3. BMI body mass index, WHR waist to hip ratio, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL low density lipoprotein cholesterol, FFA free fatty acid, ApoA1 Apolipoprotein A1, ApoB Apolipoprotein B., SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose.
  4. b Chi-squate test. Statistical analyses were run with or without the men in the study, and also controlled for the gender as a covariate.