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Table 3 Multivariable-adjusted OR (95% CI) for metabolic syndrome and its components across tertile of major dietary pattern scores a

From: Dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome in a Japanese working population

  Number of cases, n (%) Healthy Japanese dietary pattern Trend Pb Animal food pattern Trend Pb Westernized breakfast pattern Trend Pb
   T1(low) T2 T3(high)   T1(low) T2 T3(high)   T1(low) T2 T3(high)  
Number of Subjects 460 154 153 153   154 153 153   154 153 153  
Metabolic syndromec 59 (13) 1.00 1.43 1.35 0.43 1.00 1.03 1.54 0.25 1.00 0.50 0.39 0.02
   (0.71 - 2.88) (0.55 - 3.30)    (0.48 - 2.18) (0.73 - 3.24)    (0.24 - 1.02) (0.16 - 0.95)
Obesity component 114 (25) 1.00 1.05 1.20 0.59 1.00 0.82 0.94 0.85 1.00 0.97 0.89 0.72
   (0.61 - 1.81) (0.63 - 2.31)    (0.47 - 1.42) (0.54 - 1.63)    (0.56 - 1.65) (0.49 - 1.63)
High fasting blood glucose 90 (20) 1.00 0.66 0.67 0.26 1.00 1.48 2.08 0.03 1.00 0.65 0.58 0.09
   (0.35 - 1.24) (0.31 - 1.45)    (0.77 - 2.84) (1.09 - 3.98)    (0.35 - 1.18) (0.30 - 1.21)
High triglyceride 80 (17) 1.00 1.27 0.37 0.16 1.00 0.98 1.45 0.28 1.00 0.86 0.65 0.27
   (0.69 - 2.32) (0.14 - 0.98)    (0.50 - 1.93) (0.74 - 2.83)    (0.46 - 1.61) (0.30 - 1.39)
Low HDL cholesterol 40 (9) 1.00 1.52 1.20 0.65 1.00 0.53 0.93 0.92 1.00 2.21 1.77 0.25
   (0.67 - 3.45) (0.43 - 3.37)    (0.22 - 1.29) (0.42 - 2.07)    (0.93 - 5.25) (0.67 - 4.69)
High blood pressure 128 (28) 1.00 1.02 1.37 0.39 1.00 1.07 1.78 0.050 1.00 0.65 0.54 0.049
    (0.57 - 1.80) (0.69 - 2.74)    (0.60 - 1.92) (1.01 - 3.17)    (0.35 - 1.12) (0.31 - 0.99)  
  1. a Adjusted for age (year, continuous), sex, work place (A or B), occupational physical activity (sedentary or active work), job position (low or medium and high), marital status (married or unmarried), non-occupational physical activity (0, >0 to <2 hours/week or ≥2 hours/week), current smoking (yes or no).
  2. b Based on multiple logistic regression analysis, with ordinal numbers 1–3 assigned to tertile categories of each dietary pattern.
  3. c Metabolic syndrome is defined as presence of at least 3 of the following criteria.
  4. Obesity component (BMI ≥25 kg/m2), high fasting blood glucose (≥100 mg/dl), high triglycerides (≥150 mg/dl), low-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (<40 mg/dl in men and <50 mg/dl in women), high blood pressure; systolic blood pressure (SBP ≥ 130 mm Hg) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP ≥85 mm Hg).