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Table 1 Changes in body composition at baseline and after 12 weeks

From: Effects of low-volume walking programme and vitamin E supplementation on oxidative damage and health-related variables in healthy older adults

   Groups P- value
WG (N= 7) WSG (N= 7) SG (N= 10) CG (N= 14) (time, interaction)
Sex, male/female Baseline 1/6 0/7 2/8 6/8 -
Age (years) Baseline 71.9 ± 1.9 65.9 ± 2.0 67.0 ± 1.8 71.9 ± 1.6 -
Height (m) Baseline 1.54 ± 0.02 1.55 ± 0.02 1.57 ± 0.02 1.57 ± 0.02 -
Body mass (kg) Baseline 53.98 ± 3.17 58.51 ± 3.27 52.56 ± 2.21 54.71 ± 2.14 0.020, 0.263
12 weeks 54.69 ± 3.28† 58.30 ± 3.40 53.07 ± 2.28† 55.41 ± 2.06
Δ +0.71 ± 0.28 −0.21 ± 0.51 +0.51 ± 0.15 +0.70 ± 0.33
BMI (kg/m2) Baseline 22.67 ± 1.02 24.42 ± 1.48 21.37 ± 0.65 22.17 ± 0.53 0.024, 0.286
12 weeks 22.95 ± 1.03 24.33 ± 1.55 21.57 ± 0.66† 22.45 ± 0.45
Δ +0.29 ± 0.12 −0.85 ± 0.21 +0.20 ± 0.56 +0.28 ± 0.14
Waist circumference (cm) Baseline 81.07 ± 3.10 84.44 ± 2.84 80.76 ± 2.50 78.84 ± 1.76 0.603, 0.194
12 weeks 84.20 ± 2.71† 82.19 ± 3.79 80.13 ± 2.10 80.39 ± 2.12
Δ +3.13 ± 1.16 −2.24 ± 2.45 −0.63 ± 2.04 +1.55 ± 1.04
SBP (mm Hg) Baseline 136.4 ± 4.2 139.7 ± 4.2 120.2 ± 3.1 135.7 ± 3.4 0.265, 0.547
12 weeks 138.4 ± 4.8 137.4 ± 3.6 124.2 ± 3.1 139.5 ± 2.0
Δ +2.0 ± 4.0 −2.3 ± 4.3 +4.0 ± 3.0 +3.8 ± 2.4
DBP (mm Hg) Baseline 78.9 ± 3.0 83.7 ± 3.8 73.2 ± 1.9 79.4 ± 2.5 0.737, 0.639
12 weeks 79.0 ± 3.8 81.0 ± 3.3 72.3 ± 1.4 81.1 ± 2.0
Δ +0.1 ± 3.0 −2.7 ± 3.4 −0.9 ± 1.5 +1.7 ± 2.2
  1. Values are mean ± SEM. WG, walking group; WSG, walking + supplementation group; SG, supplementation group; CG, control group; BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure.
  2. † Significantly different from the baseline value in the same group (Paired t-test, P < 0.05).
  3. Δ, 12 weeks – baseline difference; w, walking; ws, walking + supplementation; s, supplementation; c, control.