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Table 1 Study population characteristics

From: Ethnic- and sex-specific associations between plasma fatty acids and markers of insulin resistance in healthy young adults

  Caucasian East Asian South Asian
Number (M/F) 461 (132/329) 362 (95/267) 104 (41/63)
Age (yrs) 23.1 ± 0.1a 22.1 ± 0.1b 22.3 ± 0.2b
BMI (kg/m2) 22.7 ± 0.1a 21.6 ± 0.1b 22.8 ± 0.3a
Total fat (g/d) 68.4 ± 1.2a 61.6 ± 1.3b 60.7 ± 2.7b
Log insulin (pmol/L) 1.57 ± 0.01a 1.59 ± 0.01a 1.71 ± 0.02b
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.72 ± 0.02a 4.78 ± 0.02a 4.90 ± 0.03b
HOMA-IR 0.78 ± 0.02a 0.82 ± 0.02a 1.08 ± 0.05b
  1. A Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variation (ANOVA) test followed by a post-hoc Mann–Whitney-Wilcoxon test was used to examine each parameter in the three ethnicities. Ethnic groups with different superscript letters (e.g. a or b) are statistically different (P < 0.05) for a given parameter. All data is represented as mean ± standard error. M/F = male/female; BMI = body mass index; HOMA-IR = Homeostasis Model of Assessment of Insulin Resistance.