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Table 3 Associations between fatty acids and markers of insulin resistance in healthy young Caucasian adults (n = 461)

From: Ethnic- and sex-specific associations between plasma fatty acids and markers of insulin resistance in healthy young adults

  HOMA-IR Insulin (log) Glucose
  r2 P-value r2 P-value r2 P-value
14:0 0.17 < 0.0001 0.19 0.0001 0.08 0.0390
15:0 0.16 0.0022 0.17 0.0073 0.08 0.0376
16:0 0.15 0.0089 0.17 0.0780 0.08 0.0214
16:1c9 0.15 0.1443 0.16 0.5274 0.07 0.3644
18:0 0.15 0.0216 0.16 0.1018 0.10 0.0007
18:1t6-8 0.16 0.0015 0.17 0.0437 0.07 0.4216
18:1t9 0.15 0.0334 0.16 0.1003 0.07 0.3634
18:1t10 0.16 0.0041 0.17 0.0089 0.08 0.1178
18:1t11 0.16 0.0006 0.18 0.0029 0.09 0.0136
18:1c9 0.15 0.0122 0.16 0.0848 0.09 0.0017
18:1c11 0.14 0.2349 0.16 0.6690 0.08 0.0314
18:1c12 0.16 0.0038 0.17 0.0118 0.07 0.4610
18:2c9t12 0.15 0.0405 0.17 0.0690 0.07 0.3508
18:2t9c12 0.15 0.0394 0.16 0.1262 0.15 0.0754
18:2n6 0.15 0.1586 0.16 0.4673 0.10 0.0005
18:3n6 0.14 0.3024 0.16 0.5425 0.08 0.0865
18:3n3 0.15 0.0239 0.16 0.0804 0.09 0.0051
18:2c9t11 0.16 0.0020 0.17 0.0073 0.08 0.0480
20:2n6 0.15 0.0731 0.16 0.2296 0.08 0.0915
20:3n6 0.15 0.0135 0.17 0.0609 0.07 0.3305
20:4n6 0.14 0.7651 0.16 0.7115 0.08 0.0125
20:5n3 0.15 0.1953 0.16 0.4116 0.07 0.2991
22:5n3 0.14 0.5481 0.16 0.722 0.07 0.2311
22:6n3 0.14 0.6422 0.16 0.3711 0.07 0.992
  1. Bold font indicates fatty acids which demonstrated statistically significant associations that satisfied a Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. r2 = Pearson’s correlation coefficient. HOMA-IR = Homeostasis Model of Assessment of Insulin Resistance.