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Table 1 General characteristics of study population at fasting state compared by sex and separated by ethnicity

From: Plasma concentration of cis 9trans 11 CLA in males and females is influenced by SCD1 genetic variations and hormonal contraceptives: a cross-sectional study

  Caucasians Asians
  Males Females P-value Males Females P-value
Population (#) 113 298   98 277  
Hormonal contraceptive users (%) N/A 46.0   N/A 15.5  
Age (yrs) 23.1 ± 0.2 23.1 ± 0.1 0.87 22.4 ± 0.2 22.1 ± 0.1 0.26
BMI (kg/m2) 23.3 ± 0.3 23.1 ± 0.2 0.54 23.2 ± 0.3 21.2 ± 0.1 <0.01*
HOMA-IR 1.16 ± 0.08 1.39 ± 0.05 0.02* 1.42 ± 0.08 1.45 ± 0.10 0.84
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.88 ± 0.07 4.70 ± 0.02 <0.01* 4.95 ± 0.04 4.73 ± 0.02 <0.01*
Insulin (pmol/L) 37.1 ± 2.1 47.4 ± 1.7 <0.01* 45.7 ± 2.3 48.1 ± 2.9 0.62
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.97 ± 0.07 4.35 ± 0.05 <0.01* 4.13 ± 0.08 4.29 ± 0.04 <0.05*
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.38 ± 0.03 1.69 ± 0.02 <0.01* 1.39 ± 0.03 1.68 ± 0.02 <0.01*
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.16 ± 0.06 2.23 ± 0.04 0.32 2.29 ± 0.07 2.21 ± 0.04 0.24
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.96 ± 0.05 0.97 ± 0.02 0.86 0.98 ± 0.05 0.91 ± 0.02 0.19
Free fatty acids (mmol/L) 454 ± 24.6 489 ± 14.2 0.21 453 ± 21.4 521 ± 15.4 0.02*
% of Total Energy from Dietary Fat 27.4 ± 0.6 27.9 ± 0.4 0.56 26.3 ± 0.5 26.2 ± 0.3 0.98
  1. Statistical differences were determined using a Student’s T-test. The * denotes p-values which are significant (< 0.05).