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Table 2 Comparison of BMR after consumption of a high FCCS or high glucose diet for > 3days vs after consumption of a weight-maintenance diet

From: Effects of fructose-containing caloric sweeteners on resting energy expenditure and energy efficiency: a review of human trials

Study Dietary intervention Participants BMR before intervention BMR after intervention % change P P
    (kcal/min) (kcal/min)   HFCCS vs before HFCSS vs high glucose diet
McDewitt et al., 2000 50% excess energy as fructose during 4 days 8 normal weight F; mean age: 53 y 0.96 0.98 2.60 NS NS
McDewitt et al., 2000 50% excess energy as fructose during 4 days 5 obese; mean age: 52 y 1.06 1.07 0.80 NS NS
McDewitt et al., 2000 50% excess energy as sucrose during 4 days 8 normal weight F mean age: 53 y 0.96 0.96 -0.02 NS NS
McDewitt et al., 2000 50% excess energy as sucrose during 4 days 5 obese F; mean age: 52 y 1.06 1.06 -0.16 NS NS
McDewitt et al., 2000 50% excess energy as glucose during 4 days 8 normal weight F; mean age: 53 y 0.96 1.00 3.95 NS  
Le et al., 2006 1.5 g fructose/kg/day in excess energy requirements for 4 week 7 normal weight M; mean age: 25 y 1.02 0.98 -3.92 NS  
Abdel-Sayed, 2008 3 g fructose/kg/day in excess of energy requirement during 7 days 6 normal weight M; mean age: 25 y 0.93 0.93 0.00 NS  
Ngo-Sock et al., 2010 3 g fructose/kg/day in excess of energy requirement during 7 days 11 normal weight M; mean age: 25 y 0.99 1.00 0.97 NS  
Ngo-Sock et al., 2010 3 g glucose/kg/day in excess of energy requirement during 7 days 11 normal weight M; mean age: 25 y 0.99 1.01 2.17 NS  
Lê et al., 2009 3 g fructose/day in excess energy requirements for 7 days 8 normal weight M; mean age: 24 y 0.95 0.95 0.00 NS  
Lê et al., 2009 3 g fructose/day in excess energy requirements for 7 days 16 normal weight M with family history of type 2 diabetes; mean age: 25 y 0.98 0.99 1.02 NS  
Cox et al., 2011 25% total energy as fructose, added to an ad-libitum diet during 8 weeks, then 25%, weight-maintenance diet for 5–14 days 9 overweight M and 7 overweight F mean age: 52 y (M); 53 y (F) 1.19 1.10 -7.56 <0.05 NS
Cox et al., 2011 25% total energy as glucose, added to an ad-libitum diet during 8 weeks, then 25%, weight-maintenance diet for 5–14 days 9 overweight M and 7 overweight F mean age: 54 y (M); 56 y (F) 1.17 1.15 -1.71 NS  
Mean      -0.02   
SD      2.50