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Table 3 Comparison of post-prandial energy expenditure after consumption of a high FCCS- or high fructose-diet vs after consumption of a weight-maintenance baseline diet

From: Effects of fructose-containing caloric sweeteners on resting energy expenditure and energy efficiency: a review of human trials

Study Dietary intervention Participants Post-prandial energy expenditure (kcal/min) % change P value
    Before After   
Cox et al., 2011 25% total energy as fructose, added to an ad-libitum diet during 8 weeks, then 25%, weight-maintenance diet for 5–14 days 9 overweight M and 7 overweight females mean age: 52 y (M); 53 y (F) 1.41 1.37 -2.84 NS
Cox et al., 2011 25% total energy as glucose, added to an ad-libitum diet during 8 weeks, then 25%, weight-maintenance diet for 5–14 days 9 overweight M and 7 overweight females mean age: 54 y (M); 56 y (F) 1.40 1.36 -2.86 NS
Theytaz et al., 2012 3.0 g fructose/kg/day in excess energy requirements for 7 days 9 normal weight M mean age: 23 y 0.98 1.06 8.16 NS
Egli et al., 2013 weight-maintenance diet with 30% fructose for 4 days 8 normal weight M mean age: 22 y 0.93 0.96 3.23 NS