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Table 4 List of plasma metabolites quantified to be at lower concentrations after 21 days of treatment

From: ProAlgaZyme subfraction improves the lipoprotein profile of hypercholesterolemic hamsters, while inhibiting production of betaine, carnitine, and choline metabolites

Metabolites Peak regions (ppm) Metabolites Peak regions (ppm)
2-Aminobutyrate 1.0,1.9,3.7 Glucitol 3.6, 3.7, 3.8
3-Hydroxybutyrate 1.2,2.3,2.4,4.1 Glycerol 3.6,3.8
Acetate 1.9 Isoleucine 0.9,1.0,1.2,1.5,2.0,3.7
Arabinitol 3.6,3.7,3.8,3.9 Lactate 1.3,4.1
Arginine 1.6,1.7,1.9,3.2,3.8 Leucine 0.9,1.7,3.7
Betaine 3.3,3.9 Phosphocholine 3.2,3.6,4.1
Carnitine 2.4,3.2,3.4,4.6 Glycero-phosphocholine 3.2,3.6,3.7,3.9,4.3
Choline 3.2,3.5,4.1 Taurine 3.2,3.4
Galactitol 3.7,4.0 Threonine 1.3,3.6,4.3
  1. Notes: Plasma metabolites found to be significantly lower in T21 group as compared with T0 group. The metabolites were quantified using the Chenomx 7.6 NMR Suite database and significance was obtained using 2 tailed Student t-test, P < 0.05. T0, high fat diet and water; T21, high fat diet and BaP for 21 days, N = 4 hamsters/group for quantification of metabolites.