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Table 1 Composition of experimental diets 1

From: Different types of soluble fermentable dietary fibre decrease food intake, body weight gain and adiposity in young adult male rats

  Diet
  CONT CELL FOS GLUC PECT
Ingredients (% w/w)      
  Maize starch 46.57 41.57 41.57 41.57 41.57
  Maltodextrin 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5
  Sucrose 10 10 10 10 10
  Casein 14 14 14 14 14
  Soyabean oil 4 4 4 4 4
  AIN-93 Mineral mix 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
  AIN-93 Vitamin mix 1 1 1 1 1
  Choline bitartrate 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25
  L-cystine 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
  Cellulose 5 10 0 0 0
  FOS2 0 0 10 0 0
  Beta-glucan3 0 0 0 10 0
  Pectin4 0 0 0 0 10
ME5 (MJ/kg) 15.7 15.2 15.2 15.2 15.2
GE6 (MJ/kg) 17.2 17.4 17.2 17.1 17.1
Composition (% w/w)      
  Dry matter 91.9 92.2 92.2 91.9 92.0
  Total carbohydrate7 63.5 58.5 59.5 65.3 57.5
  Total nitrogen8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
  Total fat9 4.5 5.0 5.2 4.7 4.7
  NSP10- soluble 0.50 0.46 8.7811 7.7412 4.23
  NSP10- insoluble 2.02 3.45 0.45 0.46 0.62
  1. 1All diets were based on AIN-93 M diet (American Society for Nutrition, Bethesda, MD USA) and manufactured by Special Diet Services Ltd. (Witham, Essex UK).
  2. 2Fructo-oligosaccharide (Higher Nature FOS Powder; Revital Ltd., Ruislip, Middlesex UK).
  3. 3Oat beta-glucan (Cambridge Commodities Ltd., Ely, Cambridgeshire UK).
  4. 4Apple pectin (Solgar Apple Pectin; Revital Ltd.).
  5. 5ME, metabolisable energy calculated from Atwater Fuel Energy of diet components.
  6. 6GE, gross energy determined using Gallenkamp Adiabatic Bomb Calorimeter.
  7. 7Total carbohydrate by standard acid-hydrolysis followed by colorimetric glucose determination.
  8. 8Total nitrogen determined using VarioMax CN Analyser.
  9. 9Total fat measured using standard acid-hydrolysis and gas chromatography.
  10. 10NSP, non-starch polysaccharides, analysed by the Englyst procedure[27], using gas chromatography and spectrophotometry to measure constituent sugars, and including
  11. 11fructose detection for FOS diet by ultra performance liquid chromatography.
  12. 12GLUC diet analysed specifically for beta-glucan by assay kit (K-BGLU; Megazyme, Bray, Co. Wicklow, Ireland).