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Table 2 Cumulative food intake and changes in body weight and body composition 1 in rats given different dietary fibres for 4 weeks

From: Different types of soluble fermentable dietary fibre decrease food intake, body weight gain and adiposity in young adult male rats

  Diet group2
  CONT CELL FOS GLUC PECT
Cumulative food intake (g) 543.5a ± 22.8 566.2a ± 16.1 448.6b ± 15.1 488.5b ±16.5 442.5b ± 10.5
Body weight gain (g) 93.6a ± 8.23 87.0a ± 8.43 59.0b ± 5.39 59.3b ± 6.27 51.5b ± 6.77
Body fat gain (g) 20.6a ± 3.41 16.7a ± 3.81 -0.15b ± 2.07 2.25b ± 1.78 -9.31b ± 2.94
Lean tissue gain (g) 59.0 ± 5.22 59.4 ± 4.17 49.8 ± 4.34 41.3 ± 8.06 55.8 ± 4.91
Initial total body fat (%) 8.22 ± 0.63 7.60 ± 0.76 7.81 ± 0.57 8.21 ± 0.59 8.71 ± 0.87
Initial total body lean (%) 80.1 ± 0.63 80.5 ± 0.72 80.1 ± 0.65 80.1 ± 0.60 79.2 ± 0.87
Final total body fat (%) 10.4a ± 0.86 9.26a ± 1.03 6.81b ± 0.73 7.71b ± 0.58 6.08b ± 0.46
Final total body lean (%) 77.5a ± 0.93 78.7a ± 0.96 80.7b ± 0.81 79.1a,b ± 1.35 82.1b ± 0.43
  1. 1Total body fat mass and lean tissue mass measured by MRI.
  2. 2Diets were control (CONT, 5% w/w cellulose) or contained 10% w/w fibre as cellulose (CELL), fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS), oat beta-glucan (GLUC) or apple pectin (PECT); n = 10/group. Values are mean ± s.e.m. Within rows, values without a common letter are significantly different (P < 0.05).