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Table 3 Baseline characteristics according to study group

From: The effect of the macrobiotic Ma-Pi 2 diet vs. the recommended diet in the management of type 2 diabetes: the randomized controlled MADIAB trial

Median [95% CI] Ma-Pi 2 diet Control diet p value*
(n = 25) (n = 26)  
Age (years) 67 [63.8; 70.2] 65 [62.2; 67.8] 0.213
Male, n (%) 11 (44) 14 (53,8) 0.580#
Duration of T2D (years) 7 [3.9; 10.01] 4.5 [1.1; 7.9] 0.494
On Metformin, n (%) 13 (61.9) 20 (90.9) 0.034#
On other OADs, n (%) 7 (33.3) 10 (45.5) 0.537#
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 118 [104.7; 131.3] 127 [115.2; 138.8] 0.888
HbA1c (%) 6.7 [6.2; 7.2] 6.8 [6.6; 7.0] 0.197
HbA1c (mmol/mol) 50 [44; 55] 51 [49; 53] 0.228
HOMA-IR 3.1 [2.1; 4.0] 3.3 [2.1; 4.5] 0.910
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 176 [156.4; 195.6] 180.5 [160.7; 200.3] 0.865
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 102 [86.5; 117.5] 101.5 [89.1; 113.9] 0.749
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 46 [41.6; 50.4] 48.5 [44.5; 52.5] 0.428
LDL/HDL ratio 2.4 [2.1; 2.7] 2 [1.7; 2.3] 0.243
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 114 [83.7; 144.3] 119 [97.6; 140.4] 0.644
BMI (kg/m2) 31.3 [29.1; 33.5] 32 [29.5; 34.5] 0.486
Weight (kg) 81.1 [73.7; 88.5] 87 [79.0; 94.9] 0.713
Waist circumference (cm) 107.6 [102.3; 112.9] 105.2 [99.8; 110.6] 0.963
Hip circumference (cm) 108.7 [102; 115.4] 109.7 [104.7; 114.7] 0.821
  1. *Wilcoxon rank sum test.
  2. #Fisher exact test.
  3. Legend: All data showed are a median [95% Confidence Interval CI] unless otherwise noted. Coefficients are statistically significant when the 95% CI’s does not include zero.