Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Comparison of reported food consumption frequencies (servings per month) between the Mediterranean Diet (MD) group and the Control Diet (CD) group.

From: Fat intake and composition of fatty acids in serum phospholipids in a randomized, controlled, Mediterranean dietary intervention study on patients with rheumatoid arthritis

  MD group (n = 26) CD group (n = 25) P-value*
  Time (weeks after dietary shift) Time (weeks after start of study)  
  0 3 12 0 3 12  
Fish 6 (6-6) 16 (6–16) 16 (16-16)§ 6 (2–6) 6 (6–16) 6 (2–6) <0.001
Shellfish 2 (0–2) 2 (0–6) 4 (2–6) 2 (0–2) 2 (0–2) 2 (0–2) <0.001
Meat, minced meat or offal from pig, cattle or sheep 16 (6–16) 0 (0-0) 0 (0-0)§ 16 (6–16) 6 (6–16) 6 (6–16) <0.001
Poultry 2 (2–6) 16 (6–16) 11 (6–16)§ 2 (2–6) 2 (2–6) 2 (2–6) <0.001
Processed meat(not on bread) 6 (2–6) 0 (0-0) 0 (0-0)§ 6 (2–6) 6 (2–6) 2 (2–6) <0.001
Processed meaton bread 11 (6–26) 0 (0-0) 0 (0-0)§ 16 (2–16) 6 (4–16) 6 (2–16) <0.001
Cheese with more than 17% fat 16 (14–26) 0 (0-0) 0 (0-0)§ 26 (11–70) 16 (4–26) 16 (4–26) 0.002
Cheese with less than 17% fat 6 (0–9) 16 (0–26) 16 (6–26) 0 (0–4) 0 (0–6) 0 (0–11) 0.005
Dairy products with 27% fat or more 2 (0–6) 0 (0-0) 0 (0-0) 2 (0–6) 2 (0–6) 6 (2–6) <0.001
Dairy products with 10–15% fat 2 (0–6) 0 (0-0) 0 (0–2) 2 (0–6) 0 (0–6) 0 (0–6) 0.013
Ice cream 2 (0–6) 0 (0–0.5) 0 (0–2) 2 (0–4) 2 (0–2) 2 (0–2) 0.015
Sweets (including chocolate) 6 (2–16) 0 (0–2) 0 (0–2)§ 6 (1–6) 6 (0–6) 6 (2–6) <0.001
Buns, cookies or cakes 6 (5–16) 0 (0–2) 0 (0–2)§ 6 (2–16) 6 (2–16) 6 (2–16) <0.001
Nuts 0 (0–2) 0 (0–2) 0 (0–3) 0 (0–2) 0 (0–2) 0 (0–2) 0.704
Seeds 0 (0-0) 0 (0–2) 0 (0–2) 0 (0-0) 0 (0-0) 0 (0-0) 0.016
  1. Data are presented as medians (25th–75th percentiles). *The p-values refer to differences between the MD- and the CD group concerning the change from baseline to week 12. Differences between the groups were analyzed with the Mann-Whitney U test. Statistically significant change from baseline to week 12: †p < 0.05; ‡p < 0.01; §p < 0.001. Within-group differences in week 12 compared to baseline were evaluated by the Wilcoxon signed ranks test. ¶Including cured meat, sausage, pâté or the like.