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Table 2 :

From: Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction

     CHANGE
Reference # Subjects Duration CHO (g/d) weight (%) HDL (%) TAG (%) TAG/HDL (%) Glucose (%) Insulin (%)
Rickman et al. 1974 1 Normal Weight Men/Women 3–17 d 7 -4.9   -11.4    
LaRosa et al. 1980 2 Obese Men/Women 8 wk 6 -8.3 -5.7 -32.6 -29.9   
Phinney et al. 1980 3 Obese Men/Women 6 wk <20 -11.8   -24   -16.3 -57.3
Phinney et al. 1983 4 Normal Weight Men 4 wk <20 0.2 0 -26   -7.7 -23.3
Newbold, 1988 5 Men 3–12 mo    9.6 -34.8 -40.5   
Volek et al. 2000 6 Normal Weight Men 8 wk 39 -5.4 10.0 -54.9 -56.9 -3.4 -28.0
Sharman et al. 2002 7 Normal Weight Men 6 wk 46 -2.8 11.5 -33 -39.9 -0.2 -34.2
Meckling et al. 2002 8 Obese Women 8 wk 71 -6.1 4.3 -40.3   -4.1 0.0
Westman et al. 2002 9 Obese Men/Women 6 mo Ad Lib -10.3 19.2 -43.1 -53.6   
Dashti et al. 2003 10 Obese Men/Women 12 wk 20 to 30 -13.4 8.3 -50 -53.9 -37.1  
Hays et al. 2003 11 Obese Men/Women w/ CVD 6 wk Ad Lib -5.2 -2.9 -39.9 -38.1 -7.4 -30.5
   Obese Women PCOS 24 wk Ad Lib -14.3 0.4 -18.5 -18.8 5.7 -49.6
   Obese Women Reactive Hypoglycemia 52 wk Ad Lib -19.9 3.4 -13.3 -33.2   
Dashti et al. 2004 12 Obese Men/Women 24 wk 40 -14.2 20.4 -60.4 -67.1 -22.6  
Boden et al. 2005 13 Obese/diabetic men/women 14 days 21 -1.8 -2 -35 -33.8 -16.0