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Table 4 :

From: Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction

      CHANGE
Reference # Subjects Duration Diet CHO (g/d) weight (%) HDL (%) TAG (%) TAG/HDL (%) Glucose (%) Insulin (%) DBP (mm Hg)
Brehm et al. 2003 1 Obese Women 6 mo Low-CHO 41–97 -9.3 13.4 -23.4 -32.4 -9.1 -14.8 -5
     LF 163–169 -4.2 8.4 1.6 -6.3 -4.0 -23.0 -1
Sondike et al. 2003 2 Overweight Adolescents 12 wk Low-CHO 37 -10.7 8.7 -40.5 -45.2    
     LF 154 -4.1 4.2 -5.4 -9.2    
Samaha et al. 2003 3 Obese Men/Women 6 mo Low-CHO 150 -4.5 0.0 -20.2 -20.2 -8.6 -27.3  
     LF 201 -1.4 -2.4 -4 -1.6 -1.6 5.6  
Foster et al. 2003 4 Obese Men/Women 1 yr Low-CHO ad lib -7.3 18.2 -28.1 -29.5    
     LF ad lib -4.5 1.4 0.7 -2.6    
Volek et al. 2004 5 Overweight Women 4 wk Low-CHO 29 -3.9 1.3 -23 -28.3 -3.8 -8.8  
     LF 186 -1.4 -8.6 -11.2 -4.2 1.3 23.2  
Sharman et al. 2004 6 Overweight Men 6 wk Low-CHO 36 -5.6 -3.3 -44.1 -42.3 -5.8 -41.5  
     LF 224 -3.6 -6.6 -15 -8.3 -5.2 -28.1  
Brehm et al. 2004 7 Obese Women 4 mo Low-CHO 69 -10.8 16.3 -37.3 -46.1    -9
     LF 174 -6.8 4.5 -10.3 -14.2    -3
Meckling et al. 2004 8 Obese Men/Women 10 wk Low-CHO 59 -7.7 12.2 -29.4 -37.1 -8.0 -28.7 -6.1
     LF 225 -7.4 -15.4 -25.4 -11.8 -10.2 -3.3 -5
Stern et al. 2004 9 Obese Men/Women 1 yr Low-CHO 120 -3.9 -2.8 -28.6 -26.8    
     LF 230 -2.3 -12.3 2.7 29.6    
Yancy et al. 2004 10 Obese Men/Women 24 wk Low-CHO 30 -12.3 9.8 -47.2 -51.8    -6
     LF 198 -6.7 -2.9 -14.4 -12.1    -5.2
Aude et al. 2004 11 Obese Men/Women 12 wk Low-CHO ad lib -6.2 -2.6 -23.2 -21.1    
     LF ad lib -3.4 -7 -10.5 -3.8    
Seshadri et al. 2004 12 Obese Men/Women 6 mo Low-CHO 113 (-8.5) -2.4 -7.4    -40  
     LF 198 (-3.5 kg) -2.4 -2.3    11.2  
McAuley et al. 2004 13 Obese Women 8 wk Low-CHO 41 -6.9 0.9 -38.8 -44.2 -5.9 -39.3  
     LF 172 -4.4 -6 -17.5 -15.1 -0.1 -28.4  
     Mod-PRO 130 -5.8 -4.1 -33.9 -31.8 -3.9 -24.4  
Dansinger et al. 2004 14 Obese Men/Women 2 mo Low-CHO 103 -4.7 8.8 -27.6 -26.20 -10 -29.5  
     Mod-PRO 158 -4.6 4.6 -34 -30.50 -9.3 -27.7  
     LF 183 -4.3 -0.6 -7.1 -5.60 -5.7 -11  
     UltraLF 230 -4.9 -10.9 -0.6 8.40 -3.5 -7.7