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Table 3 Anthropometric and vital sign measurements (n = 21)

From: A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to treat type 2 diabetes

Measurement Week 0 Mean (SD) Week 16 Mean (SD) Change % p value*
Body weight, kg 131.4 (18.3) 122.7 (18.9) -6.6 <0.001
Body mass index, kg/m2 42.2 (5.8) 39.4 (6.0) -6.6 <0.001
Waist circumference, cm 130.0 (10.5) 123.3 (11.3) -5.2 <0.001
Percent body fat, % 40.4 (5.8) 37.0 (6.0) -8.4 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg 135.1 (14.8) 135.4 (17.6) 0.2 0.9
Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg 79.2 (14.9) 74.1 (13.0) -6.4 0.1
Heart rate, beats/min 81.2 (12.9) 74.6 (14.0) -8.1 0.01
  1. *By paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed-ranks test.