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Table 4 Body composition changes according to dietary treatment1

From: Comparison of isocaloric very low carbohydrate/high saturated fat and high carbohydrate/low saturated fat diets on body composition and cardiovascular risk

DIET VLCARB VLF HUF
Lean mass at baseline (kg) 46.5 ± 1.9 48.5 ± 2.6 46.4 ± 2.2
Lean mass after weight loss (kg) 43.9 ± 1.8 46.5 ± 2.3 45.0 ± 2.0
% change2 -2.6 ± 0.4a -2.1 ± 0.4a -1.4 ± 0.4b
Fat mass at baseline (kg) 37.6 ± 1.3 37.9 ± 2.2 40.7 ± 1.6
Fat mass after weight loss (kg) 33.1 ± 1.3 33.9 ± 2.2 36.3 ± 1.4
% change in fat mass -4.5 ± 0.5a -4.0 ± 0.5a -4.4 ± 0.6a
% change in weight3 -8.0 ± 0.6a -6.7 ± 0.7a -6.4 ± 0.6b
  1. 1 mean ± SEM
  2. VLCARB = very low carbohydrate (n = 24) VLF = very low fat (n = 22) HUF = high unsaturated fat (n = 21)
  3. 2 Significant effect of diet by one way ANOVA and screening weight as a covariate (P = 0.022).
  4. 3 Significant effect of diet by one way ANOVA and screening weight as a covariate (P = 0.034).
  5. Variables with different superscripts are significantly different by one way ANOVA with Tukey's test for post hoc analysis p < 0.05.