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Table 1 Body weight, fat content and plasma adipocytokine levels in the offspring of vitamin restricted WNIN rat dams on postnatal day 180

From: Effect of maternal vitamin and mineral restrictions on the body fat content and adipocytokine levels of WNIN rat offspring

  VC VR VSP VSW
Body weight (g) 362 ± 6.4a 346 ± 2.24b 392 ± 4.84a 351 ± 7.6a
Percent of body fat 16.8 ± 0.57a 19.9 ± 0.72b 17.2 ± 0.63a 18.7 ± 0.61b
Epididymal fat pad weight (g/100 g bodyweight) 1.52 ± 0.04a 1.98 ± 0.04b 1.69 ± 0.09a 1.92 ± 0.13b
Adipocytokine levels     
Adiponectin (μg/ml) 3.04 ± 0.08a 2.21 ± 0.31b 3.21 ± 0.36a 2.34 ± 0.27b
Leptin (ng/ml) 1.78 ± 0.50a 4.45 ± 0.65b 2.17 ± 0.67a 4.61 ± 1.44b
TNF – α(pg/ml) 33.6 ± 20.4 51.7 ± 29.6 31.2 ± 26.1 33.9 ± 15.2
Insulin resistance     
HOMA-IR 8.44 ± 0.82 10.27 ± 0.98 8.64 ± 0.69 9.01 ± 0.88
  1. VC, Control diet through out; VR, vitamin restriction through out; VSP, rehabilitation of restricted mothers from parturition and their pups from weaning; and VSW, vitamin restricted offspring weaned on to control diet. Values are mean ± SE (n = 6). Means without a common letter are significantly different by one way ANOVA (p < 0.05) followed by post hoc LSD test.