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Table 2 Body weight, fat content and plasma adipocytokine levels in the offspring of mineral restricted WNIN rat dams on postnatal day 180

From: Effect of maternal vitamin and mineral restrictions on the body fat content and adipocytokine levels of WNIN rat offspring

  MC MR MSP MSW
Body weight (g) 354 ± 6.56a 326 ± 6.44b 316 ± 4.31b 316 ± 6.62b
Percent body fat 13.3 ± 0.23a 16.9 ± 1.13b 15.9 ± 0.80ab 15.7 ± 0.40ab
Epididymal fat pad weight (g/100 g bodyweight) 1.0 ± 0.10a 1.8 ± 0.12b 1.5 ± 0.09a 1.9 ± 0.06b
Adipocytokine levels     
Adiponectin (μg/ml) 3.30 ± 0.17a 2.69 ± 0.38b 3.15 ± 0.27a 2.17 ± 0.19b
Leptin (ng/ml) 1.65 ± 0.05a 0.96 ± 0.13b 1.69 ± 0.42a 1.05 ± 0.08b
TNF – α(pg/ml) 21.5 ± 9.6 43.5 ± 19.5 38.5 ± 22.4 65.2 ± 24.4
Insulin resistance     
HOMA-IR 14.0 ± 2.38 10.0 ± 1.2 8.71 ± 1.51 8.29 ± 0.71
  1. MC, Control diet through out; MR, mineral restriction through out; MSP, rehabilitation of restricted mothers from parturition and their pups from weaning; and MSW, mineral restricted offspring weaned on to control diet. Values are mean ± SE (n = 6). Means without a common letter are significantly different by one way ANOVA (p < 0.05) followed by post hoc LSD test.