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Table 3 Average daily energy and macronutrient intake from PRE to Week 1–2 and Week 3–10 ( x ¯ ± SE).

From: Minimal nutrition intervention with high-protein/low-carbohydrate and low-fat, nutrient-dense food supplement improves body composition and exercise benefits in overweight adults: A randomized controlled trial

  PRE Week 1–2 Week 3–10
Total Energy Intake (kcal/d)*    
   CON 2076 ± 168.0 1853 ± 167 1945 ± 66
   EX 2039 ± 196.0 2021 ± 127 1951 ± 115
   EXFS 2166 ± 160.0 1865 ± 99a 1854 ± 98a
Total Protein Intake (g/d)**    
   CON 84.1 ± 8.8 90.9 ± 8.8 90.6 ± 11.6
   EX 82.4 ± 5.9 75.8 ± 5.2 74.8 ± 5.1
   EXFS 86.3 ± 8.5 102.2 ± 3.3 131.3 ± 4.0a,b,c
Total Carbohydrate Intake (g/d)*    
   CON 253.0 ± 23.1 205.1 ± 19.0 238.0 ± 16.6
   EX 268.4 ± 23.1 263.1 ± 19.4 253.5 ± 20.3
   EXFS 261.5 ± 20.9 205.0 ± 19.4a 190.3 ± 10.5a
Total Fat Intake (g/d)*    
   CON 80.9 ± 6.7 74.3 ± 7.0 70.1 ± 5.5
   EX 70.6 ± 10.6 73.9 ± 5.7 70.7 ± 4.3
   EXFS 86.1 ± 7.7 70.7 ± 4.5a 63.1 ± 4.3a,b
Total Fiber Intake (g/d)**    
   CON 15.7 ± 1.3 15.3 ± 1.7 16.8 ± 2.1
   EX 16.3 ± 1.8 16.5 ± 1.6 15.5 ± 1.8
   EXFS 18.9 ± 2.1 19.5 ± 0.8 22.9 ± 0.9a,b
  1. Representative daily intake was calculated as the mean of values as determined from 3-day food logs, recorded weekly by each participant. CON = control; EX = exercise only; EXFS = exercise + food supplement. One shake per day, was consumed during Week 1–2; two shakes, per day, were consumed during Week 3–10. *Main effect for time (p ≤ 0.05); **Group-by-Time interaction (p ≤ 0.05). aDifferent from PRE (p ≤ 0.017); bDifferent from Week 1–2 (p ≤ 0.05); cDifferent from EX (p ≤ 0.05).