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Table 7 Changes in fasting lipid concentrations from PRE to POST ( x ¯ ± SE).

From: Minimal nutrition intervention with high-protein/low-carbohydrate and low-fat, nutrient-dense food supplement improves body composition and exercise benefits in overweight adults: A randomized controlled trial

  PRE POST CHANGE
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL)*    
   CON 179.8 ± 11.4 173.2 ± 10.9 -6.6 ± 6.6
   EX 186.4 ± 7.3 178.2 ± 7.1 -8.2 ± 3.4
   EXFS 197.5 ± 10.1 173.9 ± 13.1 -23.6 ± 6.7a
HDL (mg/dL)*    
   CON 53.9 ± 3.4 51.3 ± 2.4 -2.6 ± 1.8
   EX 45.1 ± 2.2 41.9 ± 2.0 -3.2 ± 1.5
   EXFS 51.3 ± 4.1 50.9 ± 4.2 -0.7 ± 1.6
LDL (mg/dL)*    
   CON 107.3 ± 8.7 99.8 ± 8.7 -7.5 ± 4.5
   EX 119.7 ± 7.3 112.9 ± 5.8 -6.8 ± 2.7
   EXFS 119.5 ± 8.4 103.6 ± 10.5 -15.9 ± 5.2a
TC:HDL*    
   CON 3.6 ± 0.3 3.3 ± 0.3 -0.3 ± 0.1
   EX 4.6 ± 1.3 4.2 ± 1.2 -0.4 ± 0.1a
   EXFS 4.2 ± 1.3 3.8 ± 1.2 -0.4 ± 0.1a
VLDL (mg/dL)*    
   CON 21.2 ± 3.8 20.0 ± 3.1 -1.2 ± 1.8
   EX 24.7 ± 3.2 20.9 ± 2.9 -3.8 ± 2.6
   EXFS 25.6 ± 3.9 22.3 ± 3.4 -3.3 ± 2.2
Triglycerides (mg/dL)*    
   CON 106.7 ± 18.6 98.1 ± 13.9 -8.6 ± 8.5
   EX 124.0 ± 16.1 104.1 ± 14.4 -19.9 ± 12.9
   EXFS 138.0 ± 19.0 111.2 ± 17.0 -26.8 ± 10.0
  1. CON = control; EX = exercise only; EXFS = exercise + food supplement. HDL = high-density lipoproteins; LDL = low-density lipoproteins; TC:HDL = total cholesterol-to-high-density lipoproteins ratio; VLDL = very low-density lipoproteins. *Main effect for time (p ≤ 0.05). aDifferent from PRE (p ≤ 0.017).