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Table 3 Mean stiffness index and median T-scores of subjects categorized by sports

From: Assessment of the bone quality of black male athletes using calcaneal ultrasound: a cross-sectional study

Sport Mean Stiffness Index (± SD) T-Score Median (range)
Football (n = 68) 130 (± 15) 0.94 (-1.0, 3.35)
Running (n = 15) 130 (± 12) 0.88 (-0.59, 2.35)
Others* (n = 19) 115 (± 18) 0.0 (-1.88, 1.88)
Handball (n = 7) 120 (± 16) 0.47 (-1.12, 1.71)
Taekwando (n = 6) 117 (± 18) 0.27 (-1.88, 1.0)
Cycling (n = 2) 100 (± 16) -0.89 (-1.53, -2.04)
  1. Others* refer to the combination of all remaining categories besides football and running. Wrestling, judo, high jump and badminton had only one subject each.