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Table 1 Effect of diet on weight, BMI, HbA1c and fasting lipids. Sixteen obese patients with type 2 diabetes started at month 0 on a diet with the proportions: 20% carbohydrates, 30% protein and 50% fat. The figures shown are means before, 3, 6, 22 and 44 months after the dietary change.

From: Low-carbohydrate diet in type 2 diabetes: stable improvement of bodyweight and glycemic control during 44 months follow-up

Month 0 3 P* 6 P* 22 44 P*
Weight (kg) 100.6 ± 14.7 91.9 ± 14.7 <0.001 89.2 ± 14.3 <0.001 92.0 ± 14.0 93.1 ± 14.5 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 36.1 ± 4.2 33.0 ± 4.5 <0.001 32.0 ± 4.3 <0.001 32.9 ± 3.5 33.4 ± 3.9 <0.001
HbA1c (%) 8.0 ± 1.5 5.9 ± 0.7 <0.001 6.6 ± 1.0 <0.001 6.9 ± 1.1 6.8 ± 1.3 <0.001
Lipids(mmol/l)         
Tot-Chol. 5.6 ± 1.2 5.8 ± 1.1 0.4 6.1 ± 1.1 0.06 5.7 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.0 0.8
HDL-Chol. 1.1 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.2 <0.002 1.3 ± 0.2 <0.001 1.3 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.2 <0.001
§Triglycerides 1.4 (1;1.8) 1.2(0.8;1,4) 0.01 1.4(0.9;1.7) 0.4 1.4(1.2;1.9) 1.4(1.2–2) 0.9
Chol/HDL 5.4 ± 1.5 5.0 ± 1.5 0.02 5.0 ± 1.7 0.07 4.6 ± 1.6 4.1 ± 0.9 <0.001
§TG/HDL 1.4(0.9;1.7) 1.0(0.6;1.2) 0.003 1.0(0.7;1.5) 0.03 1.3(0.8;1.5) 1.1(0.9;1.7) 0.7
  1. §given as medians with 25 and 75 percentiles. * p values are for differences from baseline.