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Table 1 Baseline body composition and metabolic characteristics of adult subjects 1

From: Moderate carbohydrate, moderate protein weight loss diet reduces cardiovascular disease risk compared to high carbohydrate, low protein diet in obese adults: A randomized clinical trial

Group PRO (n = 25) CHO (n = 25)
Height (cm) 168.9 ± 2.3 168.2 ± 1.8
Weight (kg) 96.6 ± 3.9 94.3 ± 2.1
BMI (kg/m2) 33.8 ± 1.1 33.4 ± 0.7
Fat mass (kg) 35.2 ± 1.8 36.3 ± 1.8
Percent fat mass (%) 36.4 ± 7.7 38.2 ± 6.9
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.3 ± 0.2 5.5 ± 0.1
Insulin (pmol/L) 169.7 ± 19.7* 119.2 ± 13.7*
HOMA-IR 5.70 ± 0.74 4.09 ± 0.45
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.33 ± 0.19 5.52 ± 0.17
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.41 ± 0.16 3.49 ± 0.13
Apolipoprotein B (mmol/L) 2.89 ± 0.15 2.80 ± 0.11
LDL-C/Apolipoprotein B ratio 1.21 ± 0.05 1.26 ± 0.04
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.14 ± 0.07 1.27 ± 0.07
Triacylglyceride (mmol/L) 1.72 ± 0.18 1.66 ± 0.17
  1. 1 Values are means ± SEM. * Indicates group difference, P < 0.05.