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Table 1 Composition of calcium-deficient normal and resistant starch pelleted diets fed during weight maintenance/gain and during 40% energy restriction

From: Bone mineral density and content during weight cycling in female rats: effects of dietary amylase-resistant starch

  Ad Lib 40% kcal Restricted
  ND RS NDWL RSWL
Macronutrients % gm % kcal% gm % kcal % gm % kcal % gm % kcal
Protein 19.5 21 18.4 21 19.2 21 18.2 21
Carbohydrate 67.3 64 69.1 64 66.3 64 68.1 64
Fat 6.2 15 5.9 15 6.2 15 5.8 15
Total 93.0 100 93.4 100 91.7 100 92.1 100
Energy/gram 3.74 kcal/g 3.54 kcal/g 3.69 kcal/g 3.49 kcal/g
Ingredients gm kcal gm kcal gm kcal gm kcal
Casein, 80 Mesh 200 800 200 800 200 800 200 800
DL-Methionine 3 12 3 12 3 12 3 12
Waxy Cornstarch, 500.5 1752 361.5 1265 492.5 1724 354 1239
Pregelatinized Waxy Cornstarch 100 350 100 350 100 350 100 350
Sucrose 91 364 91 364 91 364 91 364
High Amylose Cornstarch 0 0 200 486 0 0 200 486
Cellulose, BW200 50 0 50 0 50 0 50 0
Corn Oil 65 585 65 585 65 585 65 585
AIN-76 Salt Mix, S10001A w/o Ca and P 17.5 0 17.5 0 29.2 0 29.2 0
Dibasic Calcium Phosphate, 29.5% Ca, 22.8% P 3.4 0 3.4 0 5.65 0 5.65 0
AIN-76A Vitamin Mix, V10001 10 40 10 40 16.7 67 16.7 67
Choline Bitartrate 2 0 2 0 3.3 0 3.3 0
FD&C Yellow Dye #5 0.05 0 0 0 0 0 0.025 0
FD&C Red Dye #40 0 0 0.05 0 0 0 0 0
FD&C Blue Dye #1 0 0 0 0 0.05 0 0.025 0
Totals 1042.45 3903 1103.45 3902 1056.4 3902 1117.9 3903
  1. Waxy Cornstarch and Pregelatinized Waxy Cornstarch–3.5 kcal/g, High Amylose Cornstarch –2.43 kcal/g
  2. ND = normal (control) diet fed ad lib during periods of weight maintenance or weight gain
  3. RS = resistant starch diet fed ad lib during periods of weight maintenance or weight gain
  4. NDWL = normal (control) diet fed during energy restriction/weight loss
  5. RSWL = resistant starch diet fed during energy restriction/weight loss