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Table 1 Baseline participant characteristics*

From: The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Characteristic Low -glycemic, reduced-calorie diet Low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet
  Enrollees
(n = 46)
Completers
(n = 29)
Non-completers
(n = 17)
Enrollees
(n = 38)
Completers
(n = 21)
Non-completers
(n = 17)
Age, years 51.8 ± 7.8 50.0 ± 8.4 54.9 ± 5.7 51.8 ± 7.3 51.2 ± 6.1 52.4 ± 8.7
Female gender, % 80.4 79.3 82.3 76.3 66.7 88.2
White race, % 45.7 44.8 47.1 57.9 66.7 47.1
African-American race, % 50 51.7 47.1 36.8 23.8 52.9
College degree, % 58.7 68.9 41.2 57.9 61.9 52.9
Body weight, kg 106.3 ± 20.1 105.2 ± 19.8 108.1 ± 20.9 105.5 ± 19.5 108.4 ± 20.5 101.9 ± 18.1
Body mass index, kg/m2 38.5 ± 5.6 37.9 ± 6.0 39.4 ± 5.0 37.7 ± 6.1 37.8 ± 6.7 37.6 ± 5.3
  1. * Values with plus/minus signs are means ± SD.