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Table 4 Effect of experimental diets on SCFA concentrations in caecum and faeces1

From: Effect of high amylose maize starches on colonic fermentation and apoptotic response to DNA-damage in the colon of rats

  Control Cellulose HYLON VII Hi-maize 1043 Hi-maize 240 Hi-maize 260 NOVELOSE 330
Caecal        
Total SCFA 44.7 ± 3.5a 40.0 ± 3.1a 62.8 ± 6.9ab 78.9 ± 9.4b 54.8 ± 5.8ab 71.0 ± 8.7b 56.5 ± 7.3ab
Acetate 28.9 ± 2.5 26.2 ± 2.3 36.6 ± 4.7 41.4 ± 5.3 33.5 ± 4.3 31.4 ± 4.7 40.2 ± 5.7
Propionate 10.7 ± 0.8a 8.1 ± 0.8a 9.5 ± 1.7a 22.3 ± 2.9c 12.9 ± 1.2ab 16.8 ± 2.2bc 10.2 ± 1.1a
Butyrate 5.1 ± 0.4a 4.4 ± 0.80a 15.1 ± 3.1bc 12.3 ± 1.7b 6.5 ± 1.1a 20.3 ± 3.0c 4.4 ± 0.8a
Faecal        
Total SCFA 25.1 ± 3.1ab 19.5 ± 2.0a 40.5 ± 4.1bc 48.2 ± 5.4c 44.2 ± 7.9c 37.9 ± 2.9bc 35.2 ± 4.0abc
Acetate 17.3 ± 2.0ab 14.4 ± 1.4a 24.0 ± 2.7bc 28.6 ± 3.6c 25.7 ± 2.2bc 19.5 ± 2.2abc 25.3 ± 3.2bc
Propionate 5.0 ± 0.9a 3.7 ± 0.4a 4.0 ± 0.8a 11.1 ± 1.4b 4.9 ± 0.6a 5.9 ± 0.5a 5.9 ± 1.0a
Butyrate 2.7 ± 0.4a 1.8 ± 0.2a 11.5 ± 4.0b 6.5 ± 0.9ab 3.8 ± 1.3a 11.0 ± 2.6b 2.5 ± 0.5a
  1. 1 Means ± SEM, n = 12. Means with superscripts without a common letter differ, P < 0.05.