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Table 6 Effects of synthetic CLA or high CLA beef on fatty acid composition of inguinal fat of the rats

From: Effect of conjugated linoleic acids from beef or industrial hydrogenation on growth and adipose tissue characteristics of rats

  Treatment diets
  CON SCLA CONM CLAM
Lipid (% tissue) 85.09 ± 2.2 76.94 ± 1.68 81.30 ± 2.50 84.22 ± 4.42
Fatty acid concentration (mg/100 mg of detected fatty acids)
C14:0* 0.58 ± 0.094 1.48 ± 0.441 2.03 ± 0.097 2.48 ± 0.39
C14:1 c 0.00 ± 0.005A 0.00 ± 0.005A 0.55 ± 0.013B 0.50 ± 0.42B
C16:0 22.97 ± 1.59 25.45 ± 1.08 23.50 ± 0.29 24.30 ± 2.25
C16:1 c 5.14 ± 0.23AB 3.53 ± 0.16A 8.05 ± 0.29C 7.56 ± 0.66BC
C18:0 3.51 ± 0.29A 3.02 ± 0.07A 4.15 ± 0.40AB 5.04 ± 0.27B
C18:1 t11 0.42 ± 0.91 0.64 ± 1.72 0.71 ± 1.17 3.67 ± 1.21
C18:1 c9 27.56 ± 2.32A 24.53 ± 2.01A 52.23 ± 0.73C 46.44 ± 4.10B
C18:2 c9, c12 30.77 ± 2.28B 26.63 ± 1.77B 2.87 ± 0.19A 3.50 ± 0.99A
C18:3 3.25 ± 0.06C 2.58 ± 0.05B 0.18 ± 0.01A 0.29 ± 0.02A
CLA c9, t11 0.00 ± 0.04A 4.54 ± 0.08C 0.42 ± 0.01B 0.79 ± 0.09B
CLA t10, c12 0.19 ± 0.002A 2.92 ± 0.031B 0.08 ± 0.002A 0.32 ± 0.008A
C20:4 0.53 ± 0.026B 0.27 ± 0.024A 0.09 ± 0.015A 0.05 ± 0.012A
C22:5 0.42 ± 0.005 0.25 ± 0.006 0.16 ± 0.003 0.50 ± 0.001
C22:6 0.63 ± 0.015 0.49 ± 0.009 0.69 ± 0.009 0.80 ± 0.003
UNS/Total FA 0.72 ± 0.01B 0.69 ± 0.01AB 0.69 ± 0.00AB 0.67 ± 0.01A
UNS/SAT 2.61 ± 0.1B 2.24 ± 0.1AB 2.22 ± 0.04AB 2.05 ± 0.1A
C18:2/C18:3 9.18 ± 0.32A 12.94 ± 0.21AB 15.98 ± 2.46B 16.66 ± 4.15B
  1. A-C: Means (± standard error) in a row denoted by a different letter differ (p < 0.05); n = 7
  2. *denoted as Carbon chain length: number of unsaturated bonds in trans (t) or cis (c) position and location
  3. CON – Control diet, SCLA – diet with 1.69% synthetic CLA replacing an equivalent amount of soybean oil, CONM – Diet containing control beef (see table 1), CLAM – diet containing high CLA beef (see table 1).