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Table 3 Serum leptin concentrations by dietary patterns in the NHANES III 1

From: Serum leptin concentrations are not related to dietary patterns but are related to sex, age, body mass index, serum triacylglycerol, serum insulin, and plasma glucose in the US population

  Dietary Pattern 2  
  Vegetable, Fruit and Lean Meat
(n = 1482)
Western
(n = 1503)
Mixed
(n = 1024)
P value 3
  fg/L fg/L fg/L  
Unadjusted analysis     
   All subjects 8.50 ± 1.04 4 6.29 ± 1.04 5 8.00 ± 1.04 4 < 0.0001
   Men 4.90 ± 1.04 4.26 ± 1.04 4.57 ± 1.04 0.09
   Women 11.82 ± 1.04 12.94 ± 1.05 13.07 ± 1.05 0.15
Adjusted analysis     
   All subjects 6 7.39 ± 1.02 7.69 ± 1.02 7.69 ± 1.02 0.22
   Men 7 4.44 ± 1.04 4.57 ± 1.03 4.48 ± 1.03 0.74
   Women 7 12.18 ± 1.03 12.68 ± 1.03 12.81 ± 1.03 0.25
  1. 1 n = 4009; weighted n = 99,249,927.
  2. 2 Mean ± standard error. Analysis was performed on log leptin concentrations because of non-normality distribution.
  3. 3 Significance for the Wald F statistic in the analysis of covariance.
  4. 4 Signifcantly different from Western dietary pattern, Bonferroni correction, P < 0.0167.
  5. 5 Signficantly different from Mixed dietary pattern, Bonferroni correction, P < 0.0167.
  6. 6 Analysis was adjusted for sex, age, race-ethnicity, smoking, alcohol and energy intakes, BMI, serum triacylglycerol and insulin, and plasma glucose.
  7. 7 Analysis was adjusted for age, race-ethnicity, smoking, alcohol and energy intakes, BMI, serum triacylglycerol and insulin, and plasma glucose.