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Table 3 Adjusted mean food subgroups intakes according to C-reactive protein level in children ages 5-16 years

From: A cross-sectional study of food group intake and C-reactive protein among children

  C-reactive protein levels (mg/L)
  Low
(<1.0)
Average
(1.0-3.0)
High
(>3.0)
P for trend
  (n = 2939) (n = 718) (n = 453)  
  mean (SE)*  
Dairy (total) 1.98 (0.03) 1.81 (0.06) 1.90 (0.07) 0.047
   Milk 1.36 (0.02) 1.26 (0.05) 1.26 (0.06) 0.040
   Cheese 0.59 (0.01) 0.52 (0.03) 0.62 (0.04) 0.838
   Yogurt 0.02 (0.002) 0.02 (0.005) 0.01 (0.01) 0.406
Grains (total) 7.09 (0.07) 6.81 (0.14) 6.35 (0.17) <.0001
   Refined grains 6.36 (0.06) 6.09 (0.13) 5.70 (0.16) <.0001
   Whole Grains 0.73 (0.02) 0.72 (0.05) 0.65 (0.06) 0.258
Fruit (total) 1.46 (0.04) 1.31 (0.07) 1.41 (0.09) 0.244
   Citrus, melon, berries 0.70 (0.03) 0.63 (0.05) 0.58 (0.07) 0.053
   Other fruit 0.76 (0.02) 0.67 (0.05) 0.83 (0.06) 0.707
Vegetables (total) 2.59 (0.04) 2.41 (0.08) 2.19 (0.11) 0.0002
   Total Non-Starchy (Green, Yellow, Tomatoes and Others) 1.19 (0.02) 1.07 (0.05) 1.03 (0.06) 0.004
Dark green 0.07 (0.01) 0.07 (0.01) 0.06 (0.02) 0.461
Deep yellow/orange 0.09 (0.01) 0.08 (0.01) 0.06 (0.02) 0.104
Tomatoes 0.50 (0.01) 0.41 (0.03) 0.42 (0.03) 0.001
Other vegetables 0.53 (0.02) 0.52 (0.03) 0.49 (0.04) 0.295
   Total Starchy (Potatoes, legumes & Others) 1.40 (0.03) 1.34 (0.07) 1.16 (0.08) 0.012
Legumes 0.20 (0.01) 0.18 (0.02) 0.15 (0.03) 0.090
Potatoes 1.07 (0.03) 1.05 (0.06) 0.91 (0.08) 0.079
Other Starchy Vegetables 0.12 (0.01) 0.11 (0.02) 0.10 (0.02) 0.212
Meat/Other Proteins 4.05 (0.06) 3.98 (0.12) 3.88 (0.15) 0.249
   Red meat 1.52 (0.04) 1.50 (0.08) 1.55 (0.10) 0.952
   White meat (poultry, fish, other seafood) 1.34 (0.04) 1.32 (0.08) 1.20 (0.10) 0.258
   Organ meats 0.01 (0.004) 0.005 (0.01) 0.01 (0.01) 0.308
   Processed meats 0.74 (0.02) 0.70 (0.05) 0.73 (0.06) 0.626
   Other protein sources (Eggs, Nuts, Seeds and Soy) 0.43 (0.02) 0.46 (0.03) 0.39 (0.04) 0.610
  1. Abbreviations: SE, standard error;
  2. *Adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, height, socioeconomic status, and sedentary behavior.