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Table 1 Characteristics of participating African-American Boys and Girls

From: Macronutrient intakes and cardio metabolic risk factors in high BMI African American children

  Boys (n = 36) Girls (n = 44) p-valuea
  Mean (SD)  
Anthropometrics    
Age (years) 10.72 (1.06) 10.53 (1.12) ns
Pubertal stage (1-5) 2.24 (1.52) 3.42 (1.21) 0.001
Height (m) 1.48 (0.09) 1.50 (0.08) ns
Weight (kg) 57.62 (18.11) 66.34 (14.23) 0.010
Body fat (%) 32.34 (9.02) 40.63 (7.70) <0.001
BMI-z score 1.82 (0.51) 2.13(0.46) 0.005
WC (cm) 83.62 (15.51) 90.73 (12.63) 0.020
Biochemical parameters    
TC (mmol/l) 4.23 (0.14) 4.43 (0.15) ns
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.48 (0.03) 1.38 (0.12) ns
LDL-C (mmol/l) 2.34 (0.21) 2.62 (0.33) ns
IDL-C (mmol/l) 0.21(0.08) 0.24 (0.21) ns
VLDL-C (mmol/l) 0.39 (0.03) 0.41(0.01) ns
TG (mmol/l) 0.68 (0.16) 0.83 (0.23) 0.020
Insulin (μIU/ml) 8.01 (4.91) 13.06 (5.08) 0.001
HOMA-IR 1.71 (1.12) 3.20 (2.79) 0.001
NFFA (mEq/L) 25.72 (5.22) 28.93 (4.54) 0.005
ISI-FFA 0.41 (0.21) 0.21 (0.14) <0.001
Blood Pressure    
sBP (mm Hg) 105.94 (8.90) 104.32 (7.22) ns
dBP (mm Hg) 61.73 (8.67) 62.25 (7.07) ns
sBP-z score 0.03 (0.74) -0.13 (0.75) ns
dBP-z score -0.06 (0.71) -0.03 (0.67) ns
Dietary variables    
Total energy (kcal/day) 1805.03 (534.42) 1743.95 (593.91) ns
Carbohydrate (g/day) 210.41 (64.62) 222.74 (77.50) ns
Fat (g/day) 77.94 (27.72) 69.24 (29.75) ns
Protein (g/day) 68.84 (22.01) 62.85 (21.92) ns
  1. ap values calculated from two-sample t-tests
  2. ns, non significant; WC, waist circumference; TC, total cholesterol; HDL-C, HDL cholesterol; LDL-C, LDL cholesterol; IDL-C, IDL cholesterol; VLDL-C, VLDL cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; NEFA, Non-esterified fatty acids; ISI-FFA, fatty acid insulin sensitivity; sBP, systolic blood pressure; dBP, diastolic blood pressure.