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Table 2 Fatty acids composition (%) of corneal membranes

From: Per os administered refined olive oil and marine PUFA-rich oils reach the cornea: possible role on oxidative stress through caveolin-1 modulation

  Control Refined Olive oil Microalgae DHA oil EPAX 1050 oil EPAX 6000 oil
C18:1 w9 (oleic acid) 21.2 (0.22) 27.4 (0.68)*** 23.1 (1.63) 23.0 (0.51)** 25.0 (0.46)*
C20:4 w6 (arachidonic acid) 13.8 (0.59) 9.4 (0.37)** 9.9 (2.05) 10.4 (0.58)* 10.5 (0.0)**
MUFA 30.9 (1.07) 39.1 (0.75)** 33.0 (2.59) 33.0 (0.93) 36.3 (0.22)*
PUFA 25 (0.78) 18.9 (0.4)** 22.0 (3.55) 21.3 (0.87)* 20.9 (0.44)*
Ratio w6-w3 6.0 (0.75) 7.3 (0.89) 2.5 (0.25)** 3.6 (0.35)** 4.7 (0.40)
  1. MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids
  2. Rats were fed with oils during 28 days and after euthanasia, fatty acids of corneas were analysed using gas chromatography. * p < 0.01, **p < 0.005, ***p < 0.001 (according to Tukey's test).