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Table 4 Correlation of changes in serum ketone bodies, FFAs and triglycerides with insulin response capacity, background dietary %carbohydrate and increases in plasma glucose after intake of the high-carbohydrate meal

From: Acute metabolic responses to a high-carbohydrate meal in outpatients with type 2 diabetes treated with a low-carbohydrate diet: a crossover meal tolerance study

  Δβ-hydroxybutyrate Δacetoacetate ΔFFAs Δtriglyceride
Fasting plasma glucose -0.261 (0.156) -0.208 (0.26) -0.208 (0.26) 0.001 (0.10)
Δglucose -0.472 (0.007) -0.442 (0.012) -0.302 (0.10) -0.250 (0.18)
AUC-glucose -0.450 (0.011) -0.407 (0.023) -0.358 (0.048) -0.149 (0.42)
Fasting serum insulin 0.279 (0.13) 0.145 (0.44) -0.114 (0.54) -0.146 (0.42)
Δinsulin 0.328 (0.072) 0.268 (0.15) 0.012 (0.95) -0.097 (0.60)
AUC-insulin 0.346 (0.057) 0.265 (0.15) -0.007 (0.97) -0.165 (0.38)
Insulinogenic index 0.503 (0.004) 0.509 (0.003) 0.359 (0.047) 0.048 (0.80)
HOMA-R 0.195 (0.292) -0.129 (0.488) 0.035 (0.85) -0.238 (0.20)
%Carbohydrate 0.380 (0.035) 0.372 (0.040) 0.268 (0.145) 0.484 (0.006)
  1. Values indicate Spearman's r with P values in parentheses. FFAs: free fatty acids, AUC: area under curve.
  2. Δglucose and Δinsulin: level at the peak - level at baseline.
  3. Δβ-hydroxybutyrate, Δacetoacetate, Δfree fatty acids (ΔFFAs) and Δtriglyceride: level at 120 minutes - level at baseline.