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Table 1 Characteristics of participating children (n = 95).

From: Carbohydrate intake and cardiometabolic risk factors in high BMI African American children

  Boys (n = 47) Girls (n = 48) p-valuea
  Mean ± SD  
Anthropometrics    
   Age (years) 10.4 ± 1.0 10.2 ± 1.1 ns
   Pubertal stage (1-5) 2.6 ± 1.7 3.5 ± 1.2 0.004
   Height (m) 149.3 ± 8.9 151.7 ± 9.2 ns
   Weight (kg) 59.9 ± 18.2 66.8 ± 14.2 0.043
   Body fat (%) 32.9 ± 9.5 40.2 ± 7.9 < 0.001
   BMI-z score 1.91 ± 0.5 2.1 ± 0.4 0.020
   WC (cm) 85.3 ± 15.4 91.0 ± 12.8 ns
Biochemical parameters    
   TG (mmol/l) 66.1 ± 33.6 73.2 ± 23.4 ns
   VLDL-C (mmol/l) 15.5 ± 4.7 16.0 ± 3.2 ns
   IDL-C (mmol/l) 8.9 ± 4.9 9.5 ± 4.8 ns
   HOMA-IR 1.9 ± 1.2 2.9 ± 1.4 < 0.001
   ISI-FFA 0.5 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.2 < 0.001
Dietary variables    
   Total energy (kcal/day) 1833 ± 684 1801 ± 619 ns
   Carbohydrate (g/day) 218 ± 91 232 ± 87 ns
  1. aSignificance of the difference between boys and girls. ns = not statistically significant (p > 0.05).