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Table 1 Subject Characteristics and Dietary Intakes by Hyperuricemic Status

From: Lack of association between dietary fructose and hyperuricemia risk in adults

N = 9,384 Hyperuricemia = No, n = 9,143
(Men = 4,227, Women = 4,916)
Hyperuricemia = Yes, n = 241
(Men = 158, Women = 83)
  Means Median SD Means Median SD
Age 41.51 40.00 16.21 46.77 46.00 17.40
BMI 27.73 26.78 6.13 33.01 31.66 6.82
Energy (kcal/day, 1 kcal = 4.184 kJ) 2317.5 2150.5 1056.6 2162.0 1979.9 950.4
Protein (g/day) 85.33 78.10 43.82 85.17 78.51 41.63
Total fat (g/day) 86.54 78.02 47.44 77.91 69.49 37.98
   % of energy 33.27 33.16 9.21 32.43 32.86 9.64
Saturated fat (g/day) 28.57 25.28 17.07 25.80 23.11 13.63
   % of energy 10.93 10.72 3.88 10.77 10.77 3.92
Carbohydrate (g/day) 285.50 262.66 139.30 245.48 218.72 120.73
   % of energy 49.91 50.00 11.69 46.16 44.96 12.26
Total sugars (g/day) 136.93 117.36 88.74 116.53 100.86 78.96
   % of energy 3.74 22.66 11.13 22.50 20.41 12.42
Natural unbound fructose (g/d) 8.55 5.00 10.87 5.76 3.29 9.29
   % of energy 1.63 0.91 2.14 1.16 0.72 1.94
Added unbound fructose (g/d) 22.71 14.77 24.82 21.06 14.82 20.75
   % of energy 3.81 2.65 3.71 3.98 3.23 3.74
All added fructose (g/day) 42.44 33.15 34.98 37.32 30.59 29.50
   % of energy 7.17 6.40 4.69 6.99 6.68 4.79
Total fructose (g/day) 50.99 42.57 36.53 43.08 36.16 31.30
   % of energy 8.79 8.20 4.73 8.15 7.64 4.93
Fiber (g/day) 15.96 13.89 10.33 12.51 11.24 9.12
Fruits/juices (g/day, n = 6580)* 228.69 141.77 278.83 160.08 118.02 193.11
Vitamin C (mg/day) 95.23 59.55 111.97 80.58 48.20 105.06
Alcohol (g/day, n = 2506)* 41.00 25.92 54.07 60.22 52.40 55.68
Caffeine (mg/day)* 200.60 129.00 233.12 174.42 119.35 186.84
Serum uric acid (mg/dL) 5.21 5.20 1.32 8.85 8.70 0.77
  1. T-test P values < 0.05(under both of equal or unequal variance), for Vitamin C, P values = 0.067 and 0.053.
  2. * Zero intakes are not included; serum uric acid 1 mg/dL = 59.48 μmol/L.