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Table 1 Composition of purified diets1

From: Nutritional correlates and dynamics of diabetes in the Nile rat (Arvicanthis niloticus): a novel model for diet-induced type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome

INGREDIENTS Diet
  Mediterranean-type Western-type
  (Low-fat/high-fiber) (High-fat/low-fiber)
CHO:Fat:Prot %en 69:15:16 40:43:17
kcal/g 3.5 4.5
  g/Kg
Casein 20 80
Lactalbumin 20 80
Oatmeal (7.5%fat) 733 200
Wheatbran (4.25% fat) 70 0
Dextrose 0 170
Cornstarch 60 170
Cellulose 44 31
(Total fiber)2 (147) (51)
Fat (Sats:Monos:Polys) (3:5:7) (19:18:6)
Milk fat (chol stripped)   42
Tallow (chol stripped)   97
Lard   31
Soybean oil   30
(Total fat)2 (58) (15)
Mineral mix (Ausman - Hayes)3 40 52
Vitamin mix (Hayes - Cathcart)4 11 14
Choline chloride 2 3
  1. 1 Diets which were prepared in the lab were fed to Nile rats as cake, prepared by with holding from the formulation 60 g/kg cornstarch premixed into 800 mL of simmering water before addition to the remaining ingredients
  2. 2Includes fiber or fat in oatmeal and wheatbran
  3. 3Ausman-Hayes mineral mix # 210077, Diets, Inc., Bethlehem, PA
  4. 4 Hayes-Cathcart vitamin mix