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Table 1 Over-weight groups at baseline and at investigation end: composition, compliance and effects of training (IHMP) on diary reports and anthropometry.

From: Sustained self-regulation of energy intake. Loss of weight in overweight subjects. Maintenance of weight in normal-weight subjects

  Control Trained
  Baseline After 5 mo. Baseline After 5 mo.
Number of subjects and gender 13F + 8M 23F + 15M
Schooling1 11.1 ± 2.7 12.0 ± 3.0
Age 1 33.7 ± 14.4 36.7 ± 12.6
Subjects showing BG decrease 2 3/21 (14.3%) 24/38 (63.2%) ***,a
BG group mean pre-meal3 85.7 ± 9.0 89.3 ± 8.2 *,b 86.8 ± 8.7 78.8 ± 6.8 ***,a***,b
Subjects < 81.8 mg/dL4 8 (38.1%) 5 (33.8%) 12 (31.6%) 29 (76.3%) ***,a***,b
Vegetable intake5 246 ± 188 427 ± 263 **,b 274 ± 166 449 ± 218 ***,b
Fruit intake5 193 ± 155 173 ± 160 221 ± 122 266 ± 174
Energy intake6 1728 ± 551 1310 ± 532 **,b 1756 ± 585 1069 ± 487 ***,b
Diary BG SD7 8.9 ± 4.2 8.9 ± 3.8 9.6 ± 4.8 6.4 ± 3.6 **,a***,b
BMI8 29.1 ± 5.6 28.2 ± 5.6 *,b 28.7 ± 3.5 26.5 ± 3.5 **,a***,b
Weight9 76.1 ± 16.6 73.8 ± 16.2 *,b 78.0 ± 10.2 72.2 ± 10.1
Arm skinfold thickness10 25.4 ± 10.0 21.0 ± 7.6 **,b 25.8 ± 9.2 19.9 ± 7.7 ***,b
Leg skinfold thickness10 34.5 ± 13.0 29.7 ± 10.7 **,b 32.1 ± 12.6 25.1 ± 10.2 ***,b
  1. Values are expressed as means ± SD. 1, years at the beginning of the study. 2, Number of subjects who significantly decreased mean pre-meal diary BG . 3, Mean pre-meal of diary blood glucose, mg/dL, LBG = lower than 81.8 mg/dL. HBG = higher than 81.8 mg/dL 4, Number of subjects who fell into the LBG at end of the study. 5, grams/d. 6, Kcal/d. 7, Diary BG SD refers to the SD of 21 BG preprandial measurements reported in 7 d diary by each subject. 8, Body weight in kg/square height in meters. 9, kg. 10, mm. Asterisks indicate significant differences (Student’s t-test or Yates test: *, P < 0.05; **, P < 0.01; ***, P < 0.001) vs. respective control group values based on “post – pre” measurements (a), or vs. baseline values of the same group (b).