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Table 4 Proinflammatory plasma concentration with respect to tertiles (T)a of energy-adjusted fruit and vegetable consumption, fiber from fruit and vegetable consumption and dietary TAC (n = 120)

From: Fruit and vegetable consumption and proinflammatory gene expression from peripheral blood mononuclear cells in young adults: a translational study

Proinflammatory plasma concentration Energy-adj. fruit and vegetable consumption P for trend
  T1
(<384 g/d)
T2
(384-660 g/d)
T3
(>660 g/d)
 
CRP (mg/l) 1.2 ± 0.8 1.1 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 0.027
Homocysteine (μmol/l) 15.0 ± 7.6 10.6 ± 3.2 10.0 ± 3.2 0.007
IL6 (pg/ml) 1.3 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.8 0.480
TNFα (pg/ml) 2.3 ± 1.2 1.8 ± 1.5 1.6 ± 1.2 0.484
  Energy-adj. fiber from fruits and vegetables P for trend
  T1
(<6.0 g/d)
T2
(6.0-19.5 g/d)
T3
(>19.5 g/d)
 
CRP (mg/l) 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.9 0.9 ± 0.7 0.024
Homocysteine (μmol/l) 14.4 ± 6.9 10.2 ± 2.6 9.8 ± 2.9 0.008
IL-6 (pg/ml) 1.5 ± 0.8 1.3 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.5 0.963
TNFα (pg/ml) 2.3 ± 2.8 2.2 ± 1.9 1.9 ± 1.8 0.017
  Energy-adj. dietary TAC P for trend
  T1
(<5.3 mmol/d)
T2
(5.3-11.8 mmol/d)
T3
(>11.8 mmol/d)
 
CRP (mg/l) 1.3 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.9 1.1 ± 0.7 0.045
Homocysteine (μmol/l) 12.7 ± 5.9 11.4 ± 4.6 10.2 ± 3.3 0.088
IL-6 (pg/ml) 1.3 ± 1.0 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 0.393
TNFα (pg/ml) 2.1 ± 1.6 1.9 ± 1.8 1.7 ± 1.4 0.077
  1. a Tertile 1, n = 39; Tertile 2, n = 42; Tertile 3, n = 39.
  2. P for trend from linear regression model, adjusting for gender, age, BMI, energy intake, physical activity, smoking, systolic blood pressure and non-esterified fatty acid concentration. TAC, total antioxidant capacity; CRP, C-reactive protein; IL6, interleukin-6; TNFα, tumor necrosis factor-alpha.