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Table 6 Insulin resistance and inflammatory biomarker concentrations at baseline and at 3 and 6 month in elderly patients exclusively receiving a protein-enriched enteral diet

From: A specific protein-enriched enteral formula decreases cortisolemia and improves plasma albumin and amino acid concentrations in elderly patients

  0 mo 3 mo 6 mo P*
Insulin (mU/L) 3.12 ± 0.65 6.30 ± 1.32 4.62 ± 0.99 0.066
HOMA-IR 0.65 ± 0.13 1.41 ± 0.31 0.95 ± 0.20 0.087
Adiponectin (mg/mL) 18.7 ± 1.5 19.0 ± 1.6 20.3 ± 2.3 0.926
C-reactive protein (mg/L) 1.26 ± 0.44 1.58 ± 0.58 0.91 ± 0.28 0.886
Interleukin 6 (ng/L) 20.65 ± 4.10 29.36 ± 8.45 17.69 ± 6.29 0.424
Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (ng/L) 4.28 ± 0.44a 4.53 ± 0.44a 5.42 ± 0.46b 0.007
Interleukin 8 (ng/L) 6.35 ± 0.94 6.62 ± 1.88 5.38 ± 1.39 0.165
  1. HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance.
  2. * Differences between times were analyzed using the Friedman test, considering P < 0.05 to be significant.
  3. x ± SEM (for all values).
  4. Differences between times were analyzed using the Wilcoxon test, considering P < 0.05 to be significant. In each group, mean values within the same row with unlike superscript letters were significantly different.