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Table 3 Effects of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and its fractions (OOHF and OOLF) on biochemical indicators of liver function (AST, ALT, ALP, γ-GT and total bilirubin) in serum of rat treated or not with 2,4-D.

From: Effects of olive oil and its fractions on oxidative stress and the liver's fatty acid composition in 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid-treated rats

Groups AST
(U/L)
ALT
(U/L)
ALP
(U/L)
γ-GT
(U/L)
T-Bilirubin
(U/I)
C 96.40 ± 17.07 33.75 ± 3.24 109.80 ± 13.62 20.20 ± 3.76 5.66 ± 1.18
D 138.16 ± 12.44§§ 57.50 ± 10.60§§ 157.57 ± 27.09§§ 32.00 ± 2.94§§ 12.05 ± 0.81§§
D/EVOO 97.71 ± 13.57‍ ** 38.00 ± 3.16** 123.33 ± 20.81 34.14 ± 5.81§§ 7.00 ± 0.91**
D/OOHF 94.16 ± 10.72** 35.40 ± 3.20** 127 ± 23.64 30.14 ± 12.40 7.56 ± 1.70**§
D/OOLF 103.50 ± 12.55** 31.28 ± 4.46** 194.25 ± 12.81**§§ 34.60 ± 12.09§ 7.42 ± 0.61**§
EVOO 94.60 ± 6.69 34.83 ± 4.35 107.00 ± 24.73 25.00 ± 8.64 6.14 ± 1.09
OOHF 95.83 ± 10.79 29.44 ± 3.43 123.60 ± 28.83 22.57 ± 7.36 6.86 ± 1.33
OOLF 96.37 ± 9.85 32.66 ± 3.44 119.00 ± 10.98 30.60 ± 7.16§ 5.58 ± 1.68
  1. Student t test (C: controls group, D: 2,4-D treated group, D/EVOO: 2,4-D plus extra virgin olive oil, D/OOHF: 2,4-D plus hydrophilic fraction, D/OOLF: 2,4-D plus lipophilic fraction, EVOO: extra virgin olive oil treated group alone, OOHF: group treated with hydrophilic fraction of olive oil, OOLF: group treated with lipophilic fraction of olive oil.
  2. ** p <.01; * p < .05 (compared to Group D)
  3. §§ p < .01; § p < .05 (compared to controls C)