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Table 2 Hormones, serum, and hepatic content of total lipids parameters of control and HMβ groups.

From: β-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMβ) supplementation stimulates skeletal muscle hypertrophy in rats via the mTOR pathway

Variables Control (n = 7) ME ± SEM HMβ (n = 7) ME ± SEM P Value
Glucose (mg/dL) 148.9 ± 4.15 139.8 ± 2.36 0.047*
Insulin (ng/mL) 1.94 ± 0.85 4.75 ± 0.27 0.004*
Testosterone (ng/mL) 6.81 ± 0.38 7.14 ± 0.99 0.380
Corticosterone (ng/mL) 72.75 ± 5.15 37.32 ± 13.00 0.044*
Testosterone/corticosterone ratio 0.093 ± 0.014 0.154 ± 0.065 0.045*
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 177.3 ± 27.37 142.0 ± 13.69 0.166
Triacylglycerols (mg/dL) 169.0 ± 17.36 158.9 ± 8.24 0.327
HDL-c (mg/dL) 35.15 ± 6.18 45.22 ± 5.53 0.253
LDL-c (mg/dL) 152.00 ± 18.30 136.8 ± 12.48 0.265
VLDL (mg/dL) 33.80 ± 3.47 31.79 ± 1.64 0.327
Liver lipid (mg/dL 100 mg tissue) 72.56 ± 2.58 77.90 ± 3.80 0.578
TG/HDL-c ratio 5.64 ± 1.28 4.43 ± 0.12 0.209
  1. HDL-c: high-density lipoprotein, LDL-c: low-density lipoprotein, VLDL-c: very-low-density lipoprotein, TG/HDL ratio: triacylglycerols/high-density lipoprotein ratio.
  2. *p < 0.05 vs. Control group.