Skip to main content

Table 3 Association between elevated CRP and CVD risk factors (logistic regression)

From: Association of high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with established cardiovascular risk factors in the Indian population

Variable Elevated CRP (n, %) Bivariate OR (95% CI, p value) Multivariate OR (95% CI, p value)
Gender    
Male 59 (19.0) 1 1
Female 87 (29.9) 1.82 (1.24-2.66, p = 0.002) 1.63 (1.02-2.58, p = 0.04)
Age group    
≥40 years 89 (19.2) 1.75 (1.19-2.56, p = 0.004) 1.12 (0.72-1.76, p = 0.61)
<40 years 56 (29.3) 1  
Education*    
ES1 25 (25.0) 1  
ES2 40 (29.0) 1.22 (0.68-2.19, p = 0.45)  
ES3 53 (27.7) 1.15 (0.66-2.00, p = 0.61)  
ES4 27 (16.2) 0.58 (0.31-1.07, p = 0.08)  
Study sites*    
Lucknow 48 (29.8) 1  
Delhi 43 (27) 0.87 (0.54-1.42, p = 0.58)  
Dibrugarh 13 (9.2) 0.24 (0.12-0.64, p < 0.001)  
Trivandrum 43 (30.9) 1.05 (0.64-1.72, p = 0.83)  
Tobacco use    
No 113 (28.4) 1 1
Yes 32 (16.2) 0.50 (0.31-0.75, p = 0.001) 1.04 (0.61-1.77, p = 0.90)
Physical activity*    
Sedentary 46 (26.0) 1  
Active 49 (19.8) 0.70 (0.44-1.11, p = 0.13)  
Overweight    
BMI < 25 47 (12.0) 1 1
BMI ≥ 25 98 (48.0) 6.80 (4.5-10.2, P < 0.001) 3.90 (2.34-6.44, p < 0.001)
Abdominal obesity    
No 73 (17.3) 1 1
Yes 72 (41.6) 3.42 (2.31-5.07, P < 0.001) 1.62 (1.02-2.60, p = 0.04)
Hypertension    
No 82 (20.0) 1 1
Yes 63 (34.1) 2.07 (1.40-3.05, p < 0.001) 1.27 (0.80-2.02, p = 0.31)
Diabetes    
No 123 (22.7) 1 1
Yes 22 (40.7) 2.34 (1.31-4.18, p = 0.004) 1.39 (0.71-2.74, p = 0.33)
Dyslipidemia    
No 92 (20.7) 1 1
Yes 49 (34.8) 2.04 (1.34-3.09, p = 0.001) 1.45 (0.88-2.37, p = 0.15)
Hypertriglyceredimia*    
No 106 (23.5) 1  
Yes 37 (26.8) 1.19 (0.77-1.84, p = 0.43)  
  1. *Not considered in the multilogistic regression model; CRP, c-reactive protein, OR, Odds ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; BMI, body mass index; ES1, up to primary level education, ES2, above primary level and up to secondary school education, ES3, above secondary school and up to graduation, ES4, education above graduation